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Progress in Chronic Disease Prevention Chronic Disease Reports: Coronary Heart Disease Mortality -- United States, 1986

Coronary heart disease (CHD) (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, rubrics 410-414, 429.2) accounted for 28% of the 2.1 million U.S. deaths in 1986; 0.2% of the U.S. population died from this cause. Age-adjusted rates varied markedly among states, from a low in Hawaii (166/100,000) to a high in New York (303/100,000) (Figure 1, Table 1). Rates were generally highest in the east and lowest in the west. Many alterable risk factors for CHD exist (Table 2). Several are interdependent, and many persons have multiple risk factors. While diabetes is relatively uncommon, smoking, elevated blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, overweight, and inactivity are common at levels known to increase risk of CHD. CHD mortality has declined substantially in recent years (1). Public health interventions to reduce the prevalence of CHD risk factors may further reduce CHD mortality in the U.S. population. Reported by: Div of Surveillance and Epidemiologic Studies, Epidemiology Program Office, CDC.

Reference

  1. CDC. Chronic disease reports: mortality trends--United States, 1979-1986. MMWR 1989; 38:189-91.



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