Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Tuberculosis -- United States, 1981

During 1981, 27,373 cases of tuberculosis were reported to CDC; the case rate was 11.9 per 100,000 population, a decrease of 1.4% in the number of cases reported and 3.3% in the case rate from 1980 (Table 1).

Case rates for the 50 states ranged from 20.1 per 100,000 in Alaska to 1.1 per 100,000 in Idaho. In 21 states, 1981's tuberculosis rate was greater than or equal to 1980's, while for 29 states and the District of Columbia, it was lower (Figure 1). The rate for California has risen during each of the past 3 years; the rates for Kansas and South Carolina have risen during each of the past 2 years.

Case rates were higher in the southern half of the country (Figure 2) and in the major cities. In 56 cities with a population greater than or equal to 250,000, the rate was 23.3 per 100,000 population--twice the national rate. Miami, Florida, had a rate of 87.0 per 100,000 in 1981, the highest for any major city since 1977; Omaha-Douglas County, Nebraska, had the lowest rate (3.8 per 100,000). Reported by Tuberculosis Control Div, Center for Prevention Svcs, CDC.

Editorial Note

Editorial Note: During the past 3 years, no substantial decline has occurred in the number of tuberculosis cases in the United States. From 1968 through 1978, the number decreased by an average of 5.6% per year; during the past 3 years, the average decline has been 1.4%. Surveys show that cases among newly arrived Indochinese refugees largely accounted for the leveling off of the decline during 1979 and 1980 (1). A similar survey has not been done for 1981, but based on data from 14 states (Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Washington, and Wisconsin) and two large cities (Washington, DC, and New York City), all of which reported the countries of origin of tuberculosis patients in 1981, it is estimated that Indochinese refugees accounted for fewer cases in 1981 than in 1980. This is consistent with the fact that fewer refugees arrived in 1981 (121,959) than in 1980 (155,158). The number of cases among other persons in the United States increased slightly from 25,569 to 25,841 (Figure 3). There is no evidence that this slight increase has been caused by transmission from the Indochinese refugees.

Reference

  1. CDC. Tuberculosis among Indochinese refugees. MMWR 1981;30:603-6.



Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.


All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from typeset documents. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr) and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

 
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #