Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Results of a Gallup Poll on Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome-- New York City, United States, 1985

According to results of two polls done for the New York City Department of Health by the Gallup Organization in June 1985, 95% of the U.S. population has heard of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (Table 2). The surveys were done simultaneously--one, a sample of only New York City (N.Y.C.) residents, and the other, a national sample excluding New York City. To ascertain levels of knowledge about AIDS among adolescents, the sample was enlarged to include 304 youths 13-18 years of age.

In both the N.Y.C. and U.S. polls, respondents with incomes under $10,000 were less likely to be aware of AIDS. There were no major regional differences in AIDS awareness in the national sample, although respondents in the East and West exhibited slightly higher levels of knowledge than respondents in the South and Midwest.

When asked, "Who is most likely to have AIDS?" one-half to two-thirds of all respondents mentioned homosexual men. In answer to the same question, N.Y.C. respondents were two to three times more likely to mention intravenous (IV) drug abusers than were U.S. respondents. (IV drug abusers comprise 36% of N.Y.C. AIDS patients, compared with 26% of all other AIDS patients.) When given a set of statements to be answered "true" or "false," both N.Y.C. and U.S. respondents demonstrated a high level of knowledge about AIDS (Table 3). Reported by P Clarke, MPH, DJ Sencer, MD, New York City Dept of Health; AIDS Br, Div of Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Office of Public Affairs, CDC.

Editorial Note

Editorial Note: In the absence of an available vaccine or specific therapy for the treatment of AIDS, broad-scale prevention and control activities must revolve around risk reduction and programs that positively affect behavioral changes and reduce transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus type III infection. Information on adolescent awareness of AIDS is important for designing programs to prevent the adoption of risk-taking behavior, such as high-risk sexual practices or abuse of IV drugs. The results of the two polls suggest that communication methods have been successful, not only in alerting the U.S. population to the general problem of AIDS, but also in raising awareness levels concerning certain high-risk behaviors. The increased awareness levels are encouraging, but initiatives now need to be targeted with specific strategies developed at the community level that encourage and reinforce personal decisions by high-risk individuals to avoid behaviors associated with transmission of infection.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.


All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from typeset documents. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr) and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

 
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #