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Respiratory Virus Surveillance -- United States, 1983

Since September 1983, CDC has collected reports of noninfluenza respiratory virus isolations from certain state and university virology laboratories. The viruses reported include respiratory syncytical virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus types 1-4, and rhinoviruses. Reports received through December 19 show: (1) increasing numbers of RSV isolates beginning in November in the South Atlantic, West South Central, and Mountain regions and appearance of a few RSV isolates in the New England, East South Central, and Pacific regions during this same time period; (2) parainfluenza type 1 isolates occurring in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, East North Central, West North Central, South Atlantic, West South Central, and Mountain regions, with peak numbers of isolates in October. The largest numbers of isolates were reported from the Mid-Atlantic and Mountain regions; 42/310 and 40/147, respectively, of the respiratory specimens tested were positive for parainfluenza type 1. Smaller numbers of parainfluenza types 2 and 3 and rhinovirus isolates were reported during this time period. Reported by LL Minnich, MS, CG Ray, MD, Arizona Health Science Center, Tucson; C Brandt, PhD, HW Kim, MD, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, District of Columbia; L Pierik, K McIntosh, MD, The Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; CB Hall, MD, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; M Kervina, MS, E Sannella, MS, PF Wright, MD, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee; L Corey, MD, Children's Orthopedic Hospital, Seattle, Washington; Respective State Virus Laboratory Directors; Div of Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC.

Editorial Note

Editorial Note: The purpose of this respiratory surveillance program is to identify the timing and locations of outbreaks of noninfluenza respiratory viruses in the United States. Initially, the program will focus on RSV and the parainfluenza viruses. RSV causes yearly outbreaks sometime between late fall and early spring; parainfluenza types 1 and 2 cause periodic outbreaks, often every other year in the fall; and parainfluenza type 3 is likely to be isolated throughout the year, with periodic outbreaks also occurring.

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**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

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