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MMWR Surveillance Summary
CDC began abortion surveillance in 1969 to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions. This report summarizes and describes data reported to CDC regarding legal induced abortions obtained in the United States in 2000.
Synopsis for November 28, 2003
Increases in HIV Diagnoses — 29 States, 1999–2002
New surveillance data show HIV diagnoses up among Hispanics, whites.
The most comprehensive reporting of U.S. HIV diagnoses to date reveals that annual diagnoses increased by 8 percent among whites and 26 percent among Hispanics from 1999 to 2002. Diagnoses also increased 17 percent among men who have sex with men, confirming a more limited CDC analysis released in July. While no significant annual changes were seen among African Americans or Asians and Pacific Islanders, African Americans continued to represent the majority of new diagnoses. The new CDC data are from the 29 states that have had name-based HIV reporting since 1999, four of which were added to the analysis for the first time. The report’s findings call attention to the need to reach individuals at high risk for HIV infection with effective prevention programs, as well as the 850,000 to 950,000 HIV-positive Americans—one-fourth of whom are unaware of their infection—with HIV testing, prevention services and medical care.
Health Status of American Indians Compared with Other Racial/Ethnic Minority Populations — Selected States, 2001–2002
Among the major minority groups in the United States, American Indian communities have a higher risk factor and disease burden.
Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH 2010) is a community-based demonstration project to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health. During 2001-2002, a risk factor survey was conducted in 21,205 minority residents in 21 REACH communities from 14 states. Compared with other minority groups (e.g., blacks, Hispanics, and Asians), American Indians had a higher prevalence of obesity, smoking, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes. One-third of American Indians had at least 3 adverse risk factors/chronic diseases. However, American Indians were more likely to use preventive services including cholesterol screening, pneumonia vaccination, and hemoglobin A1C and foot exam in patients with diabetes. Developing and implementing culturally/socially sensitive primary prevention strategies are important to reducing risks and disease burdens in American Indian communities.
Diabetes Among Hispanics — Los Angeles County, California, 2002–2003
In Los Angeles County, efforts are under way to expand diabetes prevention and control efforts within low income Latino and African-American communities.
Diabetes is a serious disease associated with severe morbidity and premature death that disproportionately affects Hispanics in the United States. Little information is available on how sociodemographic factors affect the risk for diabetes in this population, and little is known of urban Hispanics. This report assessed diabetes prevalence among Latinos in Los Angeles County, the county with the largest urban Hispanic population, and found that diabetes continues to disproportionately affect Latinos compared with non-Hispanic whites and that it is strongly associated with poverty. These findings illustrate the need to provide additional diabetes prevention and treatment interventions for the Latino population in the county, particularly for Latinos living in poverty.
Hepatitis A Outbreak Associated with Green Onions at a Restaurant — Monaca, Pennsylvania, 2003
This report describes a large hepatitis A (HAV) outbreak associated with eating a food item containing green onions at a single restaurant.
The Pennsylvania Department of Health and CDC are investigating an outbreak of hepatitis A outbreak among patrons of a restaurant (Restaurant A) in Monaca, Pennsylvania. As of November 20, approximately 555 persons with hepatitis A have been identified, including at least 13 Restaurant A food service workers and 75 residents of six other states who dined at Restaurant A. The majority of ill patrons interviewed, as of November 21, were exposed during a 3-day period in early October. No ill food service worker identified could have been the source of the outbreak. The green onions likely were contaminated with HAV in the distribution system or during growing, harvest, packing, or cooling. Trace-back investigations completed to date have determined that the green onion source is one or more farms in Mexico. Three persons have died.
Global Progress Toward Certifying Polio Eradication and Laboratory Containment of Wild Polioviruses — August 2002–August 2003
Significant progress is being made in the process of certifying the world as polio-free and in the process of containing laboratory stores of poliovirus-containing samples.
At the end of the campaign to eradicate polio, the world will be certified as polio-free by a global certification commission. This will take place after each of the six WHO regions has been declared polio-free by regional certification commissions. To date, the Americas, Western Pacific, and European regions have been certified. As part of the global certification process, each country must identify laboratories that might have stored poliovirus-containing samples and survey those labs to determine whether such samples have been found. 90% of the identified labs in the Americas have been surveyed, 72% of those in the Western Pacific Region, and 91% of the labs in the European region. Significant progress toward laboratory containment of poliovirus is also being made in the remaining three regions.
West Nile Virus Activity — United States, November 20–25, 2003
No summary available.
November 28, 2003
The annual abortion surveillance report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds the number of abortions performed in the United States continues to fall. Abortion Surveillance—United States, 2000 also finds that deaths related to legal induced abortions continue to be a rare occurrence (< 1 death per 100,000 abortions).
CDC began documenting the number and characteristics of women obtaining abortions in 1969. Additionally, in 1972, CDC began to monitor the number of abortion-related deaths occurring annually in the United States.
Other facts from the current report:
The full report is available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr.
This page last reviewed November 26, 2003
Disease Control and Prevention