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Div. of Media Relations
1600 Clifton Road
MS D-14
Atlanta, GA 30333
(404) 639-3286
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MMWR
Synopsis for September 14, 2001

MMWR articles are embargoed until 4 p.m. EST Thursdays.

  1. Echovirus Type 13 — United States, 2001
  2. Influence of Homicide on Racial Disparity in Life Expectancy — United States, 1998

Notice to Readers

Decreased Availability of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

In February 2000, Prevnar™ was licensed for use among infants and young children. CDC recommends this vaccine for all children <2 years of age and children 2-5 years of age who are at increased risk for pneumococcal disease. In August 2001, deliveries of Prevnar™ were delayed resulting in shortages for some healthcare providers and health departments.

Contact: Office of Communication
Division of Media Relations
(404) 639–3286


Synopsis for September 14, 2001

Echovirus Type 13 — United States, 2001

Echovirus 13 is being reported in the United States.

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Office of Communication

CDC Media Relations Division
(404) 639–3286
 

This report summarizes current echovirus activity in the United States. Among the approximately 45,000 enterovirus isolates reported to CDC during the 1970-2000, echovirus 13 accounted for only 65 isolates, and no associated outbreaks have ever been reported in the United States. Since June 2001, eight state public health laboratories and one private laboratory have reported an increased number of echovirus 13 isolates to CDC. As of August 14th, these nine labs reported 76 such isolates to CDC. Aseptic meningitis is the predominant illness that has been associated with the current echovirus 13 activity in the US and the echovirus 13 activity reported in Europe in 2000.

 

Influence of Homicide on Racial Disparity in Life Expectancy — United States, 1998

Homicide is a major contributor to the racial disparity in life expectancy and, therefore, should be included among targeted prevention efforts.

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Office of Communication

CDC Media Relations Division
(404) 639–3286
 

The findings in this report confirm that there are continuing disparities in the life expectancy of blacks as shown by their overall loss of more than 6 years of life compared with whites. The disparity is largely attributable to black males having greater life expectancy differentials for each single cause of death examined; except suicide. The findings in this report also indicate that heart disease followed by cancer were the leading contributors to the life expectancy gap between blacks and whites. This is not surprising, since heart disease and cancer were the two leading causes of death for all Americans in 1998. However, homicide, which ranked 13th among the leading causes of death in 1998, was the third largest contributor to the overall life expectancy gap between these two groups. Homicide accounted for <1 percent of total deaths, but nearly 10 percent of the life expectancy gap between whites and blacks.

 


 

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