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Women & Their Partners Trying to Become Pregnant

What We Know

How to Protect Yourself

CDC recommends precautions for women and their partners thinking about pregnancy.

What To Do If You Travel to or Live In an Area with Zika

World map of areas with CDC Zika travel notice and areas with zika risk but no CDC Zika travel notice

	pink rectangleAreas with a CDC Zika travel notice: Areas where the virus has been newly introduced or reintroduced and mosquitoes in the area are infected with Zika virus and are spreading it to people.

	orange rectangleAreas with Zika risk but no CDC Zika travel notice: Areas where the virus was present before 2015 and there is no evidence transmission has stopped and areas where the virus is likely to be circulating but has not been documented. Travel notices would be considered if the number of cases rises to the level of an outbreak.

	blue rectangleFor exposure* in the United States, please visit this webpage for current maps and guidance.

Travelers to an area with a CDC Zika travel notice

  • Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
  • If the female partner was exposed to this area*, wait at least 8 weeks after the last possible exposure or after symptoms start (if she developed symptoms) before trying to conceive. During this waiting period, use condoms or do not have sex.
  • If the male partner was exposed to this area*, wait at least 6 months after the last possible exposure or after symptoms start (if he developed symptoms) before trying to conceive. During this waiting period, use condoms or do not have sex.

Travelers to an area with Zika risk but no CDC Zika travel notice

  • Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
  • Because the level of this risk in this area is unknown and information is limited about the risk of infection around the time of conception, talk with your healthcare provider about your plans for pregnancy, your travel plans, your risk of Zika virus infection, the possible health effects of Zika virus infection on a baby, and ways to protect yourself from Zika.
  • If either of you develops symptoms consistent with Zika and/or test positive for Zika, you should follow the suggested timeframes above before trying to conceive.

If you have ongoing exposure (e.g., live in or frequently travel) to any area with Zika risk, with or without a Zika travel notice

  • Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
  • Because of your ongoing exposure to Zika, talk with your healthcare provider about your plans for pregnancy, your risk of Zika virus infection, the possible health effects of Zika virus infection on a baby, and ways to protect yourself from Zika.
  • If you develop symptoms of Zika and test positive for Zika, you should follow the suggested timeframes above before trying to conceive.

Talk With Your Doctor or Other Healthcare Provider

Women and their partners who are thinking about pregnancy should talk with their doctor or healthcare provider about

  • Their plans for having children
  • The potential risk of getting Zika during pregnancy
  • Their partner’s potential Zika exposures

Decisions about pregnancy planning are personal and complex, and the circumstances will vary for women and their partners. Women and their partners should discuss pregnancy planning with a trusted doctor or healthcare provider. As part of counseling with healthcare providers, some women and their partners living in areas with Zika might decide to delay pregnancy.

* Exposure means recent travel to this area or having sex without a condom with someone who lives in or traveled to this area.

Related Fact Sheets

For Women in Areas with Zika: Plan Your Pregnancy

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