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Future Pregnancy

How should healthcare providers counsel women with current or previous laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection about future pregnancy?

Women of reproductive age with current or previous laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection should be counseled that there is no evidence that prior Zika virus infection poses a risk of birth defects in future pregnancies. There is no evidence that a fetus conceived after the woman has cleared the virus would be at risk for fetal Zika infection.

Women who have had Zika virus disease or potential exposure to Zika virus should wait at least 8 weeks to attempt conception. If their male partner also had confirmed or presumed Zika virus disease or potential exposure to Zika, he should wait at least 6 months to attempt conception. Men and women should use condoms correctly and consistently for vaginal, anal, and oral sex in addition to their chosen birth control method, or abstain from sex during this time period if they are concerned about the possibility of transmitting Zika virus to their sex partners.

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