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Testing Recommendations and Timeframes to Wait Before Trying to Conceive by Geographic Location

	pink rectangleCDC Zika travel notice:

  • Testing recommendations:
    • Anyone with Zika exposure* and symptoms of Zika should be tested.
    • Pregnant women with Zika exposure* should be tested, regardless of symptoms.
      • Pregnant women who live in areas with a CDC Zika travel notice should be offered testing as part of routine obstetric care at the first prenatal care visit and a second test in the second trimester.
  • Timeframes to wait before trying to conceive:
    • If the traveler to this area is female, wait at least 8 weeks after the last possible exposure or after symptoms start (if she developed symptoms) before trying to conceive. During this waiting period, use condoms or do not have sex.
    • If the traveler to this area is male, wait at least 6 months after the last possible exposure or after symptoms start (if he developed symptoms) before trying to conceive. During this waiting period, use condoms or do not have sex.

	orange rectangleRisk of Zika but no CDC Zika travel notice:

  • Testing recommendations:
    • Anyone with Zika exposure* and symptoms of Zika should be tested.
    • Pregnant women with Zika exposure* should be tested if they develop symptoms of Zika or if their fetus has abnormalities on an ultrasound that may be related to Zika infection. Because the level of risk of Zika virus infection is unknown in areas with risk of Zika but without travel notices, routine testing is not recommended for pregnant women who have traveled to those areas but who do not have symptoms. However, testing may be offered on a case-by-case basis.  
  • Timeframes to wait before trying to conceive:
    • Because the level of risk in this area is unknown and information is limited about the risk of infection around the time of conception, Zika exposed* women and men should talk with their healthcare provider about their plans for pregnancy, their travel plans, their risk of Zika virus infection, the possible health effects of Zika virus infection on a baby, and ways to protect themselves from Zika.
    • If women or men develop symptoms consistent with Zika and/or test positive for Zika, they should follow the suggested timeframes (listed above) before trying to conceive.

	blue rectangleUnited States: For testing recommendations for people with Zika exposure* in the US, see current US maps and guidance.

*”Zika Exposure” or “exposed” means living in or traveling to these areas or having sex without a condom with someone who lives in or traveled to these areas.
 

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