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Preventing Stroke Deaths

What you should know

The decline in stroke deaths has slowed since 2013.

Line graph shows the age-standardized stroke death rate per 100,000 people from 2000 through 2015.

Year Deaths Age Adjusted Rate
2000 166611 118.4
2001 162495 113.5
2002 161670 111.3
2003 156667 106.1
2004 149046 99.4
2005 142550 93.2
2006 136090 87
2007 134979 84.5
2008 133114 81.6
2009 127840 76.8
2010 128497 75.9
2011 127951 73.5
2012 127581 71.6
2013 128078 70.2
2014 132129 70.8
2015 139367 73

Stroke death declines have STALLED in 3 out of every 4 states.

CONTINUED= death rates continued to decrease steadily from 2000 through 2015 in adults 35 years and older

SLOWED= the decrease in death rates slowed down over time

REVERSED= the death rates reversed from decreasing to increasing

DECLINES HAVE:

  • Continued in Alaska, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Iowa, Arkansas, West Virginia, and Rhode Island.
  • Slowed in Washington, Oregon, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Missouri, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, New York, Virginia, South Carolina, Maine, New Hampshire, Delaware, and New Jersey.
  • Reversed in Hawaii, California, Nevada, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Florida, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut.


RISK FACTORS FOR STROKE

Knowing and managing your risk for stroke are key.

  • HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE a leading cause of STROKE
  • TOBACCO USE
  • DIABETES
  • HIGH CHOLESTEROL
  • OBESITY & PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

Recognize the signs of stroke F.A.S.T.

  • FACE – Ask the person to smile. Does one side droop?
  • ARMS – Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downwards?
  • SPEECH – Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Are the words slurred?
  • TIME – If the person shows any of these symptoms, call 911

Learning the signs of a stroke can HELP SAVE LIVES

SOURCE: Adapted from the Cincinnati Pre-hospital Stroke Scale, University of Cincinnati, 1997.

Stroke Systems of Care

Community

Detection – Everyone knows the signs of stroke and the need to call 911 immediately.

Pre-Hospital

Delivery – Fast emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the hospital with pre-hospital notification that they are on the way.

Hospital

Decision – Identify stroke, quickly decide on and provide appropriate treatment.

Post-Hospital

Discharge  Coordination – Patient rehabilitates, recovers, and returns home.

SOURCES: Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program, CDC;

Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults with Ischemic Stroke, Circulation, May 22, 2007.


The STROKE SYSTEMS OF CARE depends on coordinated partnerships among health systems and professionals, smooth transitions from one care setting to the next, data-driven quality improvement programs that provide the best care to every patient every time, consistent hospital discharge processes with all of the patient’s healthcare professionals, and continued actions that improve patient care and save lives.

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