Cancer and obesity

Overweight and obesity are associated with cancer

Graphic: 13 Cancers are associated with overweight and obesity

13 Cancers are associated with overweight and obesity

  • Meningioma (cancer in the tissue covering brain and spinal cord)
  • Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus
  • Multiple myeloma (cancer of blood cells)
  • Kidneys
  • Uterus
  • Ovaries
  • Thyroid
  • Breast (post-menopausal women)
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Upper stomach
  • Pancreas
  • Colon and rectum
Graphic: Most cancers associated with overweight and obesity increased while other cancers decreased from 2005-2014

Most cancers associated with overweight and obesity increased while other cancers decreased from 2005-2014

Age-adjusted rates of new cancer cases (per 100,000)

Most cancers associated with overweight and obesity increased while other cancers decreased from 2005-2014
Age-adjusted rate of new cancer cases per 100,000 in 2005 Age-adjusted rate of new cancer cases per 100,000 in 2014 % change Description
306 267 Down 13% Cancers not associated with overweight and obesity
123 132 Up 7% Cancers associated with overweight and obesity (except colorectal cancer)
50 38 Down 23% Colorectal cancers*

*Screening for colorectal cancer prevents new cases by finding abnormal growths in the colon and rectum before they turn into cancer.

Source: US Cancer Statistics, 2017.

 


Graphic: What are communities doing?

 

What are communities doing?

The CDC’s National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program supports comprehensive cancer control efforts, including environmental approaches that promote physical activity and healthy food options in communities.

In schools and early childhood centers

  • Encouraging walk-to-school and bike-to-school programs.
  • Supporting quality physical education.
  • Increasing healthy food options.

In homes

  • Promoting breastfeeding.
  • Encouraging families to participate in physical activities together.
  • Encouraging families to limit screen time.

In the workplace

  • Encouraging stairs.
  • Encouraging walking clubs or walking meetings.
  • Increasing healthy food options in vending machines and cafeterias.

For all their residents

  • Increasing access to walking trails.
  • Allowing the community to use school facilities outside of school hours for physical activity.
  • Building roads that are safe for all types of transportation to share.
  • Working with real estate developers to increase pedestrian-friendly developments.
  • Increasing access to farmers’ markets.
  • Planting community gardens.
  • Promoting community messaging about healthy eating, physical activity, and risks of obesity.

Source: Journal of Community Health, 2016. http://bit.ly/2fwJhWLExternal

Page last reviewed: October 3, 2017