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Adverse Childhood Experiences Journal Articles by Topic Area

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This is a sample of selected ACE-related journals. For a more comprehensive list of publications, a systematic review of the literature is suggested.

Commentary/Overview

Commentary | Overview

Commentary

Anda RF, Brown DW. Root causes and organic budgeting: funding health from conception to the grave. Ped Health. 2007;1(2):141–143.

Anda RF, Butchart A, Felitti VJ, Brown DW. Building a framework for global surveillance of the public health implications of adverse childhood experiences. AM J Prev Med. 2010 Jul;39(1):93-8.

Edwards, VJ, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. It’s OK to ask about past abuse. Am Psych. 2007;62(4):327–328.

Foege WH. Adverse childhood experiences: A public health perspective. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:354–355.

Weiss JS, Wagner SH. What explains the negative consequences of adverse childhood experiences on adult health? Insights from cognitive and neuroscience research. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:356–360.

Whitfield CL. Adverse childhood experiences and trauma. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:361–363.

Overview

EdwardsVJ, Anda RF, Dube SR, Dong M, Chapman DF, Felitti VJ. The wide-ranging health consequences of adverse childhood experiences. In Kathleen Kendall-Tackett and Sarah Giacomoni (eds.) Victimization of Children and Youth: Patterns of Abuse, Response Strategies, Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute; 2005.

Felitti V. Adverse childhood experiences and adult health. Acad Pediatr. 2009;9:131-132.

Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, Marks JS. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:245–258.

Gilbert LK, Breiding MJ, Merrick MT, Parks SE, Thompson WW, Dhingra SS, Ford DC. Childhood adversity and adult chronic disease: An update from ten states and the District of Columbia, 2010. Am J Prev Med. 2015;48(3):345-9.

Chronic Disease

Autoimmune Disease | Cancer | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease | Frequent Headaches | Health-Related Quality of Life | Ischemic Heart Disease | Liver Disease

Autoimmune Disease

Dube SR, Fairweather D, Pearson WS, Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Croft JB. Cumulative childhood stress and autoimmune disease. Psychom Med. 2009;71:243–250.

Cancer

Brown DW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Malarcher AM, Croft JB, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of lung cancer. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:20.

Brown MJ, Thacker LR, Cohen SA. Association between adverse childhood experiences and diagnosis of cancer. PLoS One. 2013 June;8(6):e65524.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Anda RF, Brown DW, Dube SR, Bremner JD, Felitti VJ, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults. Am J Prev Med. 2008;34(5):396-403.

Cunningham TJ, Ford ES, Croft JB, Merrick MT, Rolle IV, Giles WH. Sex-specific relationships between adverse childhood experiences and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in five states. 2014;9:1033-42.

Frequent Headaches

Anda R, Tietjen G, Schulman E, Felitti V, Croft J. Adverse childhood experiences and frequent headaches in adults. Headache. 2010;50(9):1473-81.

Health-Related Quality of Life

Barile JP, Edwards VJ, Dhingra SS, Thompson WW. Associations among county-level social determinants of health, child maltreatment, and emotional support on health-related quality of life in adulthood. Psychol Violence. 2014 Oct.

Corso PS, Edwards VJ, Fang X, Mercy JA. Health-related quality of life among adults who experienced maltreatment during childhood. Am J Public Health. 2008;98:1094–1100.

Ischemic Heart Disease

Dong M, Giles WH, Felitti VJ, Dube, SR, Williams JE, Chapman DP, Anda RF. Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: adverse childhood experiences study. Circulation. 2004;110:1761–1766.

Liver Disease

Dong M, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and self-reported liver disease: new insights into a causal pathway. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:1949–1956.

Health Risk Behaviors

Alcohol Abuse | Drug Abuse | Obesity | Sexual Risk Behavior | Smoking

Alcohol Abuse

Anda RF, Whitfield CL, Felitti VJ, Chapman D, Edwards VJ, Dube SR, Williamson DF. Adverse childhood experiences, alcoholic parents, and later risk of alcoholism and depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2002;53(8):1001–1009.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Giles WH. Growing up with parental alcohol abuse: exposure to childhood abuse, neglect and household dysfunction. Child Abuse and Negl. 2001;25(12):1627–1640.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Croft JB. Adverse Childhood Experiences and personal alcohol abuse as an adult. Addictive Behaviors. 2002;27(5):713–725.

Dube SR, Miller JW, Brown DW, Giles WH, Felitti VJ, Dong M, Anda RF. Adverse childhood experiences and the association with ever using alcohol and initiating alcohol use during adolescence. J Adolesc Health. 2006;38(4):444.e1-444.e10.

Strine TW, Dube SR, Edwards VJ, Prehn AW, Rasmussen S, Wagenfeld M, Dhingra S, Croft JB. Associations between adverse childhood experiences, psychological distress, and adult alcohol problems. Am J Health Behav. 2012 Mar; 36(3):408-23.

Drug Abuse

Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Dong M, Chapman DP, Giles WH, Anda RF. Childhood abuse, neglect and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: The Adverse Childhood Experience Study. Pediatrics. 2003;111(3):564–572.

Obesity

Williamson DF, Thompson, TJ, Anda, RF, Dietz WH, Felitti VJ. Body weight, obesity, and self-reported abuse in childhood. International Journal of Obesity. 2002;26:1075–1082.

Sexual Risk Behavior

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Marchbanks PA. Adverse childhood experiences and sexual risk behaviors in women: a retrospective cohort study. Fam Plann Perspect. 2001;33:206–211.

Smoking

Anda RF, Croft JB, Felitti VJ, Nordenberg D, Giles WH, Williamson DF, Giovino GA. Adverse childhood experiences and smoking during adolescence and adulthood. JAMA. 1999;282:1652–1658.

Edwards VJ, Anda RF, Gu D, Dube SR, Felitti VJ. Adverse childhood experiences and smoking persistence in adults with smoking-related symptoms and illness. Perm J. 2007;11:5–7.

Ford ES, Anda RF, Edwards VJ, Perry GS, Zhao G, Tsai J, Li C, Croft JB. Adverse childhood experiences and smoking status in five states. Prev Med. 2011;53:188-93.

Strine TW, Edwards VK, Dube SR, Wagenfeld M, Dhingra S, Prehn AW, Rasmussen S, Mcknight-Eily L, Croft JB. The mediating sex-specific effect of psychological distress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and current smoking among adults. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2012;7:30.

Mental Health

Autobiographical Memory Disturbances | Depression/Depressed Affect | Hallucinations | Neurobiology | Suicidality | Work Absenteeism

Autobiographical Memory Disturbances

Brown DW, Anda RF, Edwards VJ, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and childhood autobiographical memory disturbance. Child Abuse Negl. 2007;31:961-9.

Edwards VJ, Fivush R, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, and Nordenberg DF. Autobiographical memory disturbances in childhood abuse survivors. In: J.J. Freyd and A.P. DePrince (Eds.) Trauma and Cognitive Science: A Meeting of Minds, Science, and Human Experience. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press; 2001.

Depression/Depressed Affect

Anda RF, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Bremner JD, Dube SR, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and prescribed psychotropic medications in adults. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(5):389–94.

Anda RF, Whitfield CL, Felitti VJ, Chapman D, Edwards VJ, Dube SR, Williamson DF. Adverse childhood experiences, alcoholic parents, and later risk of alcoholism and depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2002;53(8):1001–1009.

Chapman DP, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Edwards VJ, Whitfield CL. Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood. JAffect Disord. 2004;82:217–225.

Edwards, VJ, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. It’s OK to ask about past abuse. Am Psychol. 2007;62(4):327–328.

Edwards VJ, Holden GW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ. Experiencing multiple forms of childhood maltreatment and adult mental health in community respondents: results from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160(8):1453–1460.

Remigio-Baker RA, Hayes DK, Reyes-Salvail F. Adverse childhood events and current depressive symptoms among women in Hawaii: 2010 BRFSS, Hawaii. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Dec;18(10):2300-8.

Hallucinations

Whitfield CL, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. Adverse childhood experiences and hallucinations. Child Abuse and Negl. 2005;29(7):797–810.

Neurobiology

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Walker J, Whitfield, CL, Bremner JD, Perry BD, Dube SR, Giles WH. The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006; 56(3):174–86.

Suicidality

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman D, Williamson DF, Giles WH. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: Findings from Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. JAMA. 2001;286:3089–3096.

Work Absenteeism

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Fleisher VI, Edwards VJ, Whitfield CL, Dube SR, Williamson DF. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and indicators of impaired worker performance. Perm J. 2004;8(1):30–38.

Methodological Issues

Age Cohort Differences | Assessment of Mediating Pathways | Basis For ACE Score | Bias Assessment | Consistency by Birth Cohort | Interrelation of ACEs | Severity and Frequency of Violent Experience | Test-Retest Reliability

Age Cohort Differences

Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Dong M, Giles WH, Anda RF. The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900. Prev Med. 2003;37(3):268–277.  

Assessment of Mediating Pathways

Anda RF, Chapman DP, Felitti VJ, Edwards V, Williamson DF, Croft JP, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and risk of paternity in teen pregnancy. Obstet and Gynecol. 2002;100(1):37–45.

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Fleisher VI, Edwards VJ, Whitfield CL, Dube SR, Williamson DF. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and indicators of impaired worker performance in adulthood. The Perm J. 2004;8(1):30–38.

Dong M, Giles WH, Felitti VJ, Dube, SR, Williams JE, Chapman DP, Anda RF. Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. Circulation. 2004;110:1761–1766.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman D, Williamson DF, Giles WH. Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. JAMA. 2001;286:3089–3096.

Basis For ACE Score

Dong M, Anda RF, Felitti, VJ, Dube SR, Williamson DF, Thompson TJ, Loo CM. Giles WH. The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction. Child Abuse Negl. 2004;28(7):771–784.

Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, Marks JS. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:245–258.

Ford, D. C., Merrick, M. T., Parks, S. E., Breiding, M. J., Gilbert, L. K., Dhingra, S. S., Edwards, V. J., Barile, J. P., & Thompson, W. W. (In Press). Examination of the factorial structure of adverse childhood experiences and recommendations for three subscale scores. Psychol Violence. 2014 Oct; 4(4):432-444.

Bias Assessment

Brown DW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ. Self-reported information and pharmacy claims were comparable for lipid-lowering medication exposure. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(5):525–529.

Dube SR, Williamson DF, Thompson T, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. Assessing the reliability of retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences among adult HMO members attending a primary care clinic. Child Abuse Negl. 2004;28(7):729–737.

Edwards VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg DF, Felitti VJ, Williamson DF, Howard N, Wright JA. Bias assessment for child abuse survey: factors affecting probability of response to a survey about child abuse. Child Abuse Negl. 2001;25:307–312.

Consistency by Birth Cohort

Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Dong M, Giles WH, Anda RF. The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900. Prev Med. 2003;37(3):268–277.

Interrelation of ACEs

Dong M, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Giles WH. The relationship of exposure to childhood sexual abuse to other forms of abuse, neglect and household dysfunction during childhood. Child Abuse Negl. 2003;27(6):625–639.

Dong M, Anda RF, Felitti, VJ, Dube SR, Williamson DF, Thompson TJ, Loo CM. Giles WH. The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction. Child Abuse Negl. 2004;28(7):771–784.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Giles WH. Growing up with parental alcohol abuse: exposure to childhood abuse, neglect and household dysfunction. Child Abuse Negl. 2001;25(12):1627–1640.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Williamson DF. Exposure to abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction among adults who witnessed intimate partner violence as children: implications for health and social services. Violence Vict. 2002;17(1):3–17.

Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, Marks JS. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:245–258.

Severity and Frequency of Violent Experience

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman DP, Croft JB, Williamson DF, Santelli J, Dietz PM, Marks JS. Abused boys, battered mothers, and male involvement in teen pregnancy. Pediatrics. 2001;107(2):e19.

Edwards, VJ, Freyd, JJ, Dube SR, Anda RF, & Felitti V. Health outcomes by closeness of sexual abuse perpetrator: A test of betrayal trauma theory. J Aggress, Maltreat Trauma. 2012; 21:133-148.

Whitfield CL, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ. Violent childhood experiences and the risk of intimate partner violence in adults: assessment in a large health maintenance organization. J Interpers Violence. 2003;18(2):166–185.

Test-Retest Reliability

Dube SR, Williamson DF, Thompson T, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. Assessing the reliability of retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences among adult HMO members attending a primary care clinic. Child Abuse Negl. 2004:28(7):729–737.

Reproductive Health/Sexual Behavior

Fetal Death | Promiscuity | Sexual Risk Behaviors in Women | Sexually Transmitted Diseases | Teen Pregnancy | Unintended Pregnancy

Fetal Death

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Marchbanks PA, Marks JS. The association between adverse childhood experiences and adolescent pregnancy, long-term psychosocial outcomes, and fetal death. Pediatrics. 2004; 113(2):320–327.

Promiscuity

Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, Marks JS. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14:245–258.

Sexual Risk Behaviors in Women

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Marchbanks PA. Adverse childhood experiences and sexual risk behaviors in women: a retrospective cohort study. Fam Plann Perspect. 2001;33:206–211.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Nordenberg D, Marchbanks PA. Adverse childhood experiences and sexually transmitted diseases in men and women: a retrospective study. Pediatrics. 2000;106(1):E11.

Teen Pregnancy

Anda RF, Chapman DP, Felitti VJ, Edwards V, Williamson DF, Croft JP, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and risk of paternity in teen pregnancy. Obstetrics Gynecol. 2002;100(1):37–45.

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Chapman DP, Croft JB, Williamson DF, Santelli J, Dietz PM, Marks JS. Abused boys, battered mothers, and male involvement in teen pregnancy. Pediatrics. 2001;107(2):e19.

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Marchbanks PA, Macaluso M, Marks JS. The protective effect of family strengths in childhood against adolescent pregnancy and its long-term psychosocial consequences. Perm J. 2010;14(3):18-27.

Hillis SD, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ, Marchbanks PA, Marks JS. The association between adverse childhood experiences and adolescent pregnancy, long-term psychosocial outcomes, and fetal death. Pediatrics. 2004; 113(2):320–327.

Unintended Pregnancy

Dietz PM, Spitz AM, Anda RF, Williamson DF, McMahon PM, Santelli JS, Nordenberg DF, Felitti VJ, Kendrick JS. Unintended pregnancy among adult women exposed to abuse or household dysfunction during their childhood. JAMA. 1999;282:1359–1364.

Special Populations

Children of Alcoholics | Child Sexual Abuse Victims | Children exposed to Parental Incarceration

Children of Alcoholics

Anda RF, Whitfield CL, Felitti VJ, Chapman D, Edwards VJ, Dube SR, Williamson DF. Adverse childhood experiences, alcoholic parents, and later risk of alcoholism and depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2002;53(8):1001–1009.

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Giles WH. Growing up with parental alcohol abuse: exposure to childhood abuse, neglect and household dysfunction. Child Abuse Negl. 2001;25(12):1627–1640.

Child Sexual Abuse Victims

Dube SR, Anda RF, Whitfield, CL, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Dong M, Giles WH. Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of victim. Am J Prev Med. 2005;28:430–438.

Children Exposed to Parental Incarceration

Gjelsvik A, Dumont DM, Nunn A. Incarceration of a household member and Hispanic health disparities: childhood exposure and adult chronic disease risk behaviors. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 May;10:10:E69.

Victimization and Perpetration

Intimate Partner Violence | Sexual Violence

Intimate Partner Violence

Dube SR, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Williamson DF. Exposure to abuse, neglect and household dysfunction among adults who witnessed intimate partner violence as children. Violence Vict. 2002:17(1):3–17.

Whitfield CL, Anda RF, Dube SR, Felitti VJ. Violent childhood experiences and the risk of intimate partner violence in adults: assessment in a large health maintenance organization. J Interpers Violence. 2003;18(2):166–185.

Sexual Violence

Ports KA, Ford D, Merrick MT. Adverse childhood experiences and adult sexual victimization. Child Abuse and Neglect. 2016;51, 313-322.

Other Health and Social Issues

Anda RF, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Dube SR, Giles WH. Adverse childhood experiences and prescription drug use in a cohort study of adult HMO patients. BMC Public Health. 2008;4;8:198.

Anda RF, Dong M, Brown DW, Felitti VJ, Giles WH, Perry GS, Edwards VJ, Dube SR. The relationship of adverse childhood experiences to a history of premature death of family members. BMC Public Health. 2009;9:106.

Brown DW, Anda RF, Felitti VJ. Self-reported information and pharmacy claims were comparable for lipid-lowering medication exposure. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(5):525–529.

Brown DW, Anda RA, Tiemeier H, Felitti VJ, Edwards VJ, Croft JB, Giles WH.  Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of premature mortality.  Am J Prev Med.  2009;37(5):389-396.

CDC. Adverse childhood experiences reported by adults—five states, 2009. MMWR. 2010;59(49):1609-1613.

Chapman DP, Wheaton AG, Anda RF, Croft JB, Edwards VJ, Liu Y, Sturgis SL, Perry GS. Adverse childhood experiences and sleep disturbances in adults. Sleep Med. 2011;12: 773-79.

Dong M, Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Williamson DF, Dube SR, Brown DW, Giles WH. Childhood residential mobility and multiple health risks during adolescence and adulthood: the hidden role of adverse childhood experiences. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Dec;159:1104–1110.

Larkin H, Felitti VJ, Anda RF. Social work and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Research: implications for practice and health policy. Soc Work Public Health. 2014;29(1):1-16.

Larkin H, Shields JJ, Anda RF. The health and social consequences of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) across the lifespan: an introduction to prevention and intervention in the community. J Prev Interv Community. 2012;40(4):263-70.

  • Page last reviewed: April 1, 2016
  • Page last updated: April 1, 2016
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