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Rotavirus Vaccination

Pronounced (row-tuh-virus)

One of the Recommended Vaccines by Disease

Girl receiving rotavirus vaccine

Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children. The virus can cause severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Children who get rotavirus disease can become dehydrated and may need to be hospitalized.

Good hygiene like handwashing and cleanliness are important, but are not enough to control the spread of the disease. Rotavirus vaccine is the best way to protect your child against rotavirus disease. Most children (about 9 out of 10) who get the vaccine will be protected from severe rotavirus disease. About 7 out of 10 children will be protected from rotavirus disease of any severity.

Two rotavirus vaccines are currently licensed for use in infants in the United States:

  • RotaTeq® (RV5) is given in 3 doses at ages 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months
  • Rotarix® (RV1) is given in 2 doses at ages 2 months and 4 months

Both vaccines are given by putting drops in the child’s mouth. The first dose of either vaccine is most effective if it is given before a child is 15 weeks of age. Children should receive all doses of rotavirus vaccine before they turn 8 months old.

 

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