Polio Vaccination: What Everyone Should Know
One of the Recommended Vaccines by Disease
A person is considered to be fully immunized if he or she has received a primary series of at least three doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), live oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), or four doses of any combination of IPV and OPV. Until recently, the benefits of OPV use (i.e. intestinal immunity, secondary spread) outweighed the risk for vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) which occurred in one child out of every 2.4 million OPV doses distributed. To eliminate the risk of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), as of January 1, 2000, OPV was no longer recommended for routine immunization in the United States. However, OPV continues to be used in the countries where polio is endemic or the risk of importation and transmission is high. OPV is recommended for global polio eradication activities in polio-endemic countries due to its advantages over IPV in providing intestinal immunity and providing secondary spread of the vaccine to unprotected contacts.
- Who needs this vaccine and when?
- Side Effects
Excerpt from Vaccine Information Statement
- A Polio-Free US Thanks to Vaccine Efforts
The United States has been polio-free since 1979. But poliovirus is still a threat in some countries.
- Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)
- School Vaccine Requirements
- Interim CDC Guidance for Polio Vaccination for Travel to and from Countries Affected by Wild Poliovirus, MMWR, July 7, 2014
- Polio Vaccine Timeline
Source: History of Vaccines
- Debunked: The Polio Vaccine and HIV Link
Source: History of Vaccines
As with all vaccines, there can be minor reactions, including pain and redness at the injection site, headache, fatigue or a vague feeling of discomfort.
- CDC's Vaccine Safety website
- Are vaccines safe?
FAQs on The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia website
- Lessening the Pain of Vaccines
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
- What if we stopped vaccinating for this disease?
- Who should not be vaccinated with Polio vaccine?
- Pregnancy guidelines
- Polio: Unprotected Story [2 pages]
The true story of how the U.S. came together in an effort to create a vaccine to protect children from polio.
- Images of Polio
Warning: Some of these photos are quite graphic.
- Video clips of Polio
Warning: Some of these video images are quite graphic.
- History of polio
- Travelers information
Information and updates on risks for travelers, precautions, prevention, etc.
- Global polio disease
Global eradication, STOP teams, partners, websites, etc.
- Polio basics
Fact sheet offers overview of Polio disease and vaccine risks and benefits
- Page last reviewed: October 3, 2014
- Page last updated: August 19, 2016
- Content source: