Use of Vaccines to Prevent Meningitis in Persons with Cochlear Implants

What You Should Know

Pneumococcal Recommendations by Age and Vaccination History

CDC recommends pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) for people who have or are candidates for cochlear implants. CDC also recommends pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) for people 2 years and older who have or are candidates for cochlear implants. Administer all recommended doses of PCV13 first and then administer PPSV23 according to ACIP recommendations:

See Pneumococcal Vaccination: Summary of Who and When to Vaccinate for more detail. Download the PneumoRecs VaxAdvisor Mobile App for Vaccine Providers for help determining which pneumococcal vaccines a patient needs and when.

Other Vaccines Can Help Protect against Meningitis

  • Vaccines are available in the United States that can help protect against most of the bacteria that cause meningitis:
    • 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate (PCV13) (Prevnar 13®)
    • 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPSV23) (Pneumovax®)
    • Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate (Hib) (ActHIB®, Hiberix®, PedvaxHIB®, and Pentacel®)
    • Meningococcal conjugate (Menactra® and Menveo®)
    • Serogroup B meningococcal (Bexsero® and Trumenba®)
  • There is no evidence people with cochlear implants are more likely to get meningococcal meningitis than people without cochlear implants. Neisseria meningitidis cause meningococcal meningitis.
  • See Vaccine-specific ACIP Recommendations for information about how, when, and which pneumococcal and meningococcal vaccines can be given together.

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References

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Page last reviewed: August 8, 2019