Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination & Cancer Prevention

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common virus that can lead to cancer. Nearly 80 million people—about one in four—are currently infected with HPV in the United States. About 14 million people, including teens, become infected with HPV each year.

In the U.S., nearly 35,000 people are estimated to be affected by a cancer caused by HPV infection each year. While there is screening for cervical cancer that can detect cancer early, there is no recommended screening for the other cancers caused by HPV infection, like cancers of the back of the throat, anus, penis, vagina, or vulva.

HPV vaccine provides safe, effective, and lasting protection against the HPV infections that most commonly cause cancer.

Page last reviewed: March 17, 2020