Step Four: Report Findings and Identify Solutions

Two people reviewing data in an office environment

4

Report Findings

After collecting and analyzing data, report findings to the communities of focus and identified stakeholders. Discuss and prioritize solutions. This is the most important community-assessment step because the goal is to engage and build relationships.

Tips for reporting findings:

  • Create a user-friendly report.
  • Consider both format and literacy level.
  • Do not include names or descriptors that could identify who said what, especially in small communities.
  • Use general descriptors to attribute verbatim quotes, such as “pediatrician, private practice” or “elementary school parent.”

Suggestions for Reporting Assessment Findings

Suggestions for Reporting Assessment Findings
Examples of Report Sections Examples of Report Format
  • Background, including why the community was selected for assessment
  • Key objectives of the rapid community assessment
  • Summarized methodology
  • Summarized key findings and disaggregated by relevant subgroups (e.g., race/ethnicity, language, gender identity)
  • Recommended solutions
  • Next steps
  • PowerPoint presentation
  • One-page results summary
  • Longer narrative report
  • Visualization of key data
  • Interactive platforms, such as a Miro whiteboard

Identify Solutions

Effective solutions will:

  • Increase trust in COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Establish or solidify getting vaccinated as a social norm.
  • Motivate or encourage people to get the vaccine.
  • Improve physical access to the vaccine.

Strategic thinking on the questions can help to identify solutions:

  1. What are the main barriers affecting your community of focus’s willingness or ability to be vaccinated?
  2. What, if anything, is already being done to address barriers to COVID-19 vaccine confidence and uptake? How effective are these efforts, and where is there room to improve?
  3. Which issues can be more easily addressed than others?

Other factors to consider when considering solutions to implement and evaluate:

  • Importance/expected impact
  • Feasibility
  • Scalability
  • Sustainability

Potential solutions to address COVID-19 vaccine confidence and uptake:

  • Education campaigns
  • On-site vaccination (workplaces, schools, faith-based institutions)
  • Cash or non-cash incentives
  • Free/affordable vaccination services
  • Institutional and/or provider recommendation
  • Reminder and recall
  • Message framing
  • Vaccine champions

Examples of Evidence-Based Solutions to Increase Vaccine Confidence and Uptakepdf icon provides a list of solutions/interventions based on scientific review of current literature to address the specific issues identified by the rapid community assessment.

In addition, consider approaches such as motivational interviewing, peer-to-peer engagement, or education through entertainment, storytelling, and other narrative methods that may not be well-reflected in current literature or evidence-based approaches but may be identified by your communities of focus as a potential new way to increase vaccine confidence and uptake.

Page last reviewed: March 12, 2021