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Tribal Population

The map below shows the population of individuals who self-identify as American and Alaska Natives in each state.

Map of American Indian and Alaska Native State Populations (2009–2013). States with 100,000: AZ, CA, NM, OK, TX, WA.

TABLE 1: 10 states with the highest percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) affiliated with federally recognized tribes

State

AI/ANs identifying as affiliated with at least one federally recognized tribe1,2

No.

%

Oklahoma

424,731

14.61

California

328,112

11.29

Arizona

284,528

9.79

New Mexico

186,566

6.42

Texas

135,302

4.65

Washington

124,859

4.29

Michigan

80,734

2.78

Alaska

74,658

2.57

Florida

69,362

2.39

Oregon

67,769

2.33

United States

2,907,272

100.00

Sources:
1US Census Bureau; American Community Survey, 2009–2013. American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table BO2005 American Indian and Alaska Native alone for selected tribal groupings; generated by the Tribal Support Unit; using American FactFinder. Accessed Jun 8, 2015.
2Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indian entities recognized and eligible to receive services from the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs [PDF-189KB]. Federal Register 2015;80(9):1942–8.

TABLE 2: 10 federally recognized tribes with the highest percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs)

AI/ANs identifying as affiliated with at least one federally recognized tribe1,2

No.

%

Tribe/Nation (State located)
Cherokee (NC and OK)*

767,195

26.39

Navajo Nation tribal grouping (AZ, NM, and UT)

332,129

11.42

Choctaw (MS, LA, and OK)*

159,630

5.49

Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana (MT)

105,304

3.62

Muscogee (Creek) Nation (OK)

81,685

2.81

Iroquois tribal grouping (OK and NY)

81,002

2.79

Chippewa (MI and MN)*

73,471

2.53

Apache (AZ, NM, and OK)

69,180

2.38

Pueblo tribal grouping (NM and TX)

62,540

2.15

Chickasaw tribal grouping (OK)

52,278

1.80

Total AI/AN individuals

2,907,272

100.00

*Denotes the general tribal name including in the US Census. These data were included in the total number of AI/AN-affiliated with at least one federally recognized tribe.

Sources:
1US Census Bureau. (2010). 2010 Census Population and Housing Tables (CPH-T-6.): American Indian and Alaska Native population by tribe in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010. American Fact Finder. Bureau of the Census Web.
2Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indian entities recognized and eligible to receive services from the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs [PDF-189KB]. Federal Register 2015;80(9):1942–8.

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