Promising Policies And Practices To Address Tobacco Use By Persons With Mental And Substance Use Disorders
People with mental and substance use disorders:
- Are approximately twice as likely as the general population to smoke cigarettes,1
- Are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their mental and substance use disorders (i.e. behavioral health conditions),2,3 and
- Want to quit smoking and are able to do so successfully, which both reduces their risk of developing smoking-related diseases and may also improve their behavioral health outcomes.4,5,6
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- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2008-2015. 2015. Available from: Reports and Detailed Tables From the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) [PDF – 13.8 MB].
- Schroeder SA, Morris CD. Confronting a neglected epidemic: tobacco cessation for persons with mental illnesses and substance abuse problems. Annual Review of Public Health, 31:297—314, 2010.
- Druss BG, Zhao L, Von Esenwein S, Morrato EH, Marcus SC. Understanding Excess Mortality in Persons With Mental Illness: 17-Year Follow Up of a Nationally Representative US Survey. Medical Care; 49(6):599–604, 2011.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital Signs Fact Sheet: Adult Smoking Focusing on People With Mental Illness. 2013. Available from: Adult Smoking.
- Prochaska JJ, Das S, Young-Wolff KC. Smoking, mental illness, and public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 38:165-185, 2017.
- Weinberger AH, Platt J, Esan H, Galea S, Erlich D, Goodwin RD. Cigarette Smoking Is Associated With Increased Risk of Substance Use Disorder Relapse: A Nationally Representative, Prospective Longitudinal Investigation. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2(78):e152—e160, 2017.
- Marynak K, VanFrank B, Tetlow S, et al. Tobacco Cessation Interventions and Smoke-Free Policies in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities—United States, 2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(18):519—523, 2018.