Health Effects Infographics

Electronic Cigarettes: What’s the Bottom Line?

The content of this PDF is also available on the Electronic Cigarettes page.

Cigarrillos Electrónicos ¿Cuál es la Conclusión?

Risks From Smoking

Risks from Smoking

Smoking can damage nearly every part of your body


  • Oropharynx
  • Larynx
  • Esophagus
  • Trachea, bronchus, and lung
  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Stomach
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Kidney and ureter
  • Cervix
  • Bladder
  • Colorectal

Chronic Diseases

  • Stroke
  • Blindness, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration*
  • Congenital defects-maternal smoking: orofacial clefts*
  • Periodontitis
  • Aortic aneurysm, early abdominal aortic atherosclerosis in young adults
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Pneumonia
  • Atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis,* asthma, and other respiratory effects
  • Diabetes*
  • Reproductive effects in women (including reduced fertility)
  • Hip fractures
  • Ectopic pregnancy*
  • Male sexual function-erectile dysfunction*
  • Rheumatoid arthritis*
  • Immune function*
  • Overall diminished health

Each condition presented in bold text and followed by an asterisk (*) is a new disease causally linked to smoking in the 2014 Surgeon General’s Report, The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress.

Smokeless Tobacco Fact

Fact: At least 28 cancer-causing chemicals have been found in smokeless tobacco.

Smokeless Tobacco Can Cause…

Smokeless tobacco, like chew and dip, can cause cancer of the mouth, esophagus, and pancreas.

Women and Smoking

  • Equality in smoking and disease, nobody wins!
  • Nearly 20 million women and girls in the United States smoke cigarettes.
  • During the sixties and seventies tobacco companies targeted women.
  • Women who smoke are more likely to die from C.O.P.D. than men who smoke.
  • Women over age 35 who smoke have a slightly higher risk of dying from heart disease than men who smoke.
  • More than 200,000 women die every year from smoking-related disease compared with 270,000 men who die from smoking-related disease every year.

Source: The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014.

Annual Deaths Attributable to Cigarette Smoking—United States, 2005–2009

* Average annual number of deaths for adults aged 35 or older, 2005–2009
Source: At A Glance 2017 Tobacco Use: Extinguishing the Epidemic Cdc-pdf[PDF–743 KB].

The infographic above shows the estimated average annual number of smoking-attributable deaths in the United States during 2005 through 2009 by specific causes, as follows:

  • Total: more than 480,000 deaths
  • Lung cancer: 137,989 deaths
  • Other cancers: 36,000 deaths
  • Heart Disease: 158,750 deaths
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 100,600 deaths
  • Stroke: 15,300 deaths
  • Other diagnoses: 31,681 deaths

Poison Center Calls Involving E-Cigarettes

The number of poison center calls involving e-cigarettes went from one call per month in September 2010 to 215 calls per month in February 2014.