Health Effects Infographics
The content of this PDF is also available on the Electronic Cigarettes page.
Risks from Smoking
Smoking can damage nearly every part of your body
- Trachea, bronchus, and lung
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Kidney and ureter
- Blindness, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration*
- Congenital defects-maternal smoking: orofacial clefts*
- Aortic aneurysm, early abdominal aortic atherosclerosis in young adults
- Coronary heart disease
- Atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis,* asthma, and other respiratory effects
- Reproductive effects in women (including reduced fertility)
- Hip fractures
- Ectopic pregnancy*
- Male sexual function-erectile dysfunction*
- Rheumatoid arthritis*
- Immune function*
- Overall diminished health
Each condition presented in bold text and followed by an asterisk (*) is a new disease causally linked to smoking in the 2014 Surgeon General’s Report, The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress.
Fact: At least 28 cancer-causing chemicals have been found in smokeless tobacco.
Smokeless tobacco, like chew and dip, can cause cancer of the mouth, esophagus, and pancreas.
- Equality in smoking and disease, nobody wins!
- Nearly 20 million women and girls in the United States smoke cigarettes.
- During the sixties and seventies tobacco companies targeted women.
- Women who smoke are more likely to die from C.O.P.D. than men who smoke.
- Women over age 35 who smoke have a slightly higher risk of dying from heart disease than men who smoke.
- More than 200,000 women die every year from smoking-related disease compared with 270,000 men who die from smoking-related disease every year.
Source: The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014.
* Average annual number of deaths for adults aged 35 or older, 2005–2009
Source: At A Glance 2017 Tobacco Use: Extinguishing the Epidemic [PDF–743 KB].
The infographic above shows the estimated average annual number of smoking-attributable deaths in the United States during 2005 through 2009 by specific causes, as follows:
- Total: more than 480,000 deaths
- Lung cancer: 137,989 deaths
- Other cancers: 36,000 deaths
- Heart Disease: 158,750 deaths
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: 100,600 deaths
- Stroke: 15,300 deaths
- Other diagnoses: 31,681 deaths
The number of poison center calls involving e-cigarettes went from one call per month in September 2010 to 215 calls per month in February 2014.
- Page last reviewed: April 18, 2018
- Page last updated: November 2, 2018
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