Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Use of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Among Students Aged 13–15 Years—Worldwide, 1999–2005

This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being updated.

May 26, 2006 / Vol. 55 / No. 20

MMWR Highlights

  • More than 17% of students aged 13–15 years, were current users of any form of tobacco (i.e., cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, cigars, cigarillos, little cigars, or pipes).
  • Nearly 9% of students currently smoked cigarettes and 11 percent currently used tobacco products other than cigarettes.
  • Tobacco use among students was highest in the Region of the Americas (22%) and the European Region (19%) and lowest in the South-East Asia Region (13%) and the Western Pacific Region (11%).
  • Boys were significantly more likely than girls to currently use any form of tobacco products in the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia, and Western-Pacific Regions.
  • Cigarette smoking among students was highest in the European Region (17.9%) and the Region of the Americas (17.5%) and lowest in South-East Asia (4%), Eastern Mediterranean (5%), and Western Pacific Regions (7%).
  • While there was no significant differences in cigarette smoking by gender overall, boys were significantly more likely than girls to smoke cigarettes in the African, South-East Asia, and Western Pacific Regions.
  • Use of tobacco products other than cigarettes was highest in the South-East Asia (13.3%) and Easter Mediterranean Regions (12.9 percent) and lowest in the Western Pacific (6.4%) and European Regions (8.1%).
  • Boys were significantly more like to use other tobacco products than girls overall in the Region of the Americas and South-East Asia Region.
  • Cigarette smoking was significantly higher than other tobacco use for girls in the Region of the Americas and for boys and girls in the European Region.
  • The use of specific forms of tobacco other than cigarettes varies among the Regions. In the Eastern Mediterranean, Shisha (flavored tobacco smoked in hookah pipes) is prevalent; in South-East Asia, bidis, smokeless tobacco, and waterpipe are popular; in the Western Pacific, betel nut is chewed with tobacco; in Africa, the pipe, snuff, and rolled tobacco leaves are common; and in Europe, cigars and smokeless tobacco are prevalent.
  • Effective, comprehensive tobacco control programs that include evidence-based interventions for adolescents are needed to decrease the burden of tobacco-related diseases worldwide.