Surveillance Strategy Report — References and Credits
A full list of sources is available on the Publications and Resource page.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Health Information Innovation Consortium. https://www.cdc.gov/ddphss/our-history/chiic.html.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Improving public health surveillance data. https://www.cdc.gov/surveillance/data-modernization/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance strategy. 2014.
Lee B, Martin T, Khan A, Fullerton K, Duck W, Kinley T, et al. Modernizing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention informatics using surveillance data platform shared services. Public Health Reports. 2018;133(2):130–35. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5871134/.
Moolenaar RL, Casey CG, Rutledge TF, eds. CDC’s vision for public health surveillance in the 21st century. MMWR Suppl. 2012;61(3):1–40. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/other/su6103.pdf.
Richards CL, Iademarco MF, Anderson TC. A new strategy for public health surveillance at CDC: improving national surveillance activities and outcomes. Public Health Reports. 2014;129(6):472–76. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4187298/.
Richards CL, Iademarco MF, Atkinson D, Pinner RW, Yoon P, Mac Kenzie WR, et al. Advances in public health surveillance and information dissemination at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Reports. 2017;132(4):403–10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5507423/.
Vivolo-Kantor AM, Seth P, Gladden RM, Mattson CL, Baldwin GT, Kite-Powell A, et al. Vital Signs: trends in emergency department visits for suspected opioid overdoses — United States, July 2016–September 2017. MMWR 2018; 67(9):279–85. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6709e1.htm.
Wagner RM, Eblen MK, Mann LM, Richards CL. Evaluating the surveillance-related programs and workforce of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Presentation at: 2016 American Evaluation Association Conference; October 28, 2016; Atlanta, GA.
Yoon PW, Ising AI, Gunn JE. Using syndromic surveillance for all-hazards public health surveillance: successes, challenges, and the future. Public Health Reports. 2017;132(1 Suppl):3s–6s. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5676514/.
An Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer collects ticks for tick-borne disease surveillance. Photo provided by Victoria Hull.
An EIS officer performs field work to support CDC epidemiology. Photo by James Gathany.
An EIS officer shares Zika materials at a District of Columbia Department of Health community event. Photo provided by Janet Kuramoto-Crawford.
A CDC Entrepreneur-in-Residence (center) and professors from Georgia Tech are examining death certificate data to determine what can be learned from these records. Photo by Rob Felt.
Select CDC staff took part in the first-of-its-kind HHS Opioid Code-a-Thon. Photo courtesy of CDC Connects.
This report was developed by the Office of Public Health Scientific Services,
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Chesley Richards, MD, MPH, FACP
CDC Deputy Director, Public Health Scientific Services
Director, Office of Public Health Scientific Services
Michael F. Iademarco, MD, MPH
Rear Admiral, U.S. Public Health Service
Director, Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services
Charles J. Rothwell, BS, MBA, MS
Director, National Center for Health Statistics
Pam Lutz, Associate Director for Policy
Dana Pitts, Associate Director for Communication Science
Lisa Bastin, Paula Braun, Laura Conn, Teresa Kinley, Mike Latham, William Mac Kenzie,
Katie Morrison, Robert Pinner, Oona Powell, Susan Queen, Christina Serna,
Charles Shepherd, Abbigail Tumpey
Copy and Graphic Design
Special thanks to OPHSS staff who contributed to the strategy since its founding
John Anderton, Nancy Bailey, Lauren Boyle-Esthemier, Merita Craddock, Frank Dilley, Matthew Eblen, Aubrey Garner, Cindy Johnson, Brian Lee, Laura Mann, Maria Michaels, Linda Roesch, Robin Wagner
A special acknowledgement to the Epidemic Intelligence Service program for their devoted work on the front lines of public health and their outstanding photo contributions.
Office of Public Health Scientific Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Surveillance: Preparing for the Future. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2018.