Figure C. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease — National Estimates of Lifetime Prevalence* Among Sexually Experienced Women† Aged 18–44 Years by Race, Hispanic Ethnicity, and Previous STI‡ Diagnosis, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2013–2014

Figure C. Bar graph showing national estimates of lifetime prevalence of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) among sexually experienced women aged 18 to 44 years by race, Hispanic ethnicity, and previous STI diagnosis from 2013 to 2014. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

* Prevalence estimates based on response to the question, “Have you ever been treated for an infection in your fallopian tubes, uterus or ovaries, also called a pelvic infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID?”. Estimates were weighted to be nationally representative of the US population, accounting for unequal probabilities of selection and nonresponse.

† Based on a response of “Yes” to the question, “Have you ever had vaginal, anal, or oral sex?”.

‡ STI = sexually transmitted infection. Participants who have been told by a doctor or other healthcare professional in the last 12 months that they had chlamydia or gonorrhea or have ever been told they have herpes, human papillomavirus, or genital warts.

NOTE: Error bars indicate 95% confidence intervals. Prevalence estimates among non-Hispanic Black women with a previous STI diagnosis have a relative standard error >40% but <50%.

SOURCE: Kreisel K, Torrone E, Bernstein, K, et al. Prevalence of pelvic inflammatory disease in sexually experienced women of reproductive age — United States, 2013–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017; 66(3):80–83.