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Figure B. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease — Lifetime Prevalence* Among Sexually Experienced Women† Aged 18–44 Years by Race/Ethnicity and Previous STI‡ Diagnosis, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2013–2014

* Prevalence estimates based on response to the question, “Have you ever been treated for an infection in your fallopian tubes, uterus or ovaries, also called a pelvic infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID?”. Estimates were weighted to be nationally representative of the U.S. population, accounting for unequal probabilities of selection and nonresponse.

Based on a response of “Yes” to the question, “Have you ever had vaginal, anal, or oral sex?”.

STI = sexually transmitted infection. Participants who have been told by a doctor or other healthcare professional in the last 12 months that they had chlamydia or gonorrhea or have ever been told they have herpes, human papillomavirus, or genital warts.

NOTE: Error bars indicate 95% confidence intervals. Prevalence estimates among non-Hispanic Black women with a previous STI diagnosis have a relative standard error >40% but <50%.

SOURCE: Kreisel, K, Torrone, E, Bernstein, K, et al. Prevalence of pelvic inflammatory disease in sexually experienced women of reproductive age — United States, 2013–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017; 66(3):80–83.

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