Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID can cause infertility.

PID can cause infertility.

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Untreated STDs can cause PID.

Image of PID Facts brochure

You can prevent PID if you know how to protect yourself.

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If diagnosed and treated early, the complications of PID can be prevented.

Journal of Infectious Diseases

Cover image: Alissa Eckert

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are preventable and treatable causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that result in infertility and other outcomes; however, key questions remain about the current burden of PID as well as its causes, diagnosis, and prevention.

New Frontiers in Sexually Transmitted Disease-related Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Infertility, and Other Sequelaeexternal icon is a special Journal of Infectious Disease supplement summarizing the latest PID science to address these key issues.

This 19-article supplement includes original research, literature reviews, summaries, and expert perspectives on:

  • The current epidemiology of PID,
  • Emerging microbial causes,
  • Primary and secondary prevention,
  • Improving outcomes for at-risk populations,
  • New PID diagnostics,

and it highlights key questions that should be addressed to advance the field.


2021 STI Treatment Guidelines – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – Includes diagnosis, treatment, and special considerations for PID. (July 22, 2021)