Sodium and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)external icon, formerly the Institute of Medicine (IOM), is an independent, nonprofit organization that works outside of the government to provide unbiased, dependable advice to decision makers and the public. The NASEM’s goal is to help those in government and the private sector make informed health decisions by providing evidence they can rely on. Many of the studies that NASEM undertakes begin as specific requests from Congress, federal agencies, or independent organizations.
NASEM has published reports directly related to sodium, most recently the Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium.
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for Sodium and Potassium
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are a set of reference values used to plan and assess nutrient intakes of healthy people.
The DRIs for sodium and potassium were reviewed and updated by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in their 2019 report, Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium. external icon The report was jointly funded by the U.S. and Canadian governments to review the scientific evidence and update, as appropriate, the DRIs for sodium and potassium.
The Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium report draws on the 2017 NASEM report, Guiding Principles for Developing Dietary Reference Intakes Based on Chronic Diseaseexternal icon and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) 2018 systematic evidence review, the Effects of Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intake on Chronic Disease Outcomes and Related Risk Factorsexternal icon.
Additionally, the IOM’s 2013 report, Sodium Intake in Populations: Assessment of Evidenceexternal icon, and the IOM’s 2010 report, Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States were used to inform the 2019 Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium.