Diseases Spread by Rodents
Rodents, such as rats, mice, and chipmunks are known to spread many diseases worldwide. Diseases can spread to people directly and indirectly from rodents. The following list provides links to more information about some of the diseases that can spread from rodents, these are not exhaustive lists.
Certain diseases can spread from rodents to people through direct contact with infected rodents (for example, breathing in contaminated air, touching contaminated materials and then touching eyes, nose, or mouth, being bitten or scratched by an infected rodent, or eating food contaminated from an infected rodent).
South American Arenaviruses, including Argentine hemorrhagic fever, Bolivian hemorrhagic fever, Chapare Hemorrhagic Fever, Sabiá-associated hemorrhagic fever, and Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever
Certain diseases can spread from rodents to people through indirect contact. This can occur when people are bitten by ticks, mites, fleas, and mosquitos that have fed on infected rodents. Diseases can also spread to people from rodents through the consumption of an intermediate host (for example, beetles or cockroaches).