Additional Resources

Banerjee, S. N., M. Banerjee, et al. (1998). “Tick-borne relapsing fever in British Columbia, Canada: first isolation of Borrelia hermsii.” Journal of Clinical Microbiology 36 (12):3505-8.

Barbour, A. G. (1990). “Antigenic variation of a relapsing fever Borrelia species.” Annual Review of Microbiology 44:155-71.

Bissett JD, Ledet S, et al. (2018). Detection of tickborne relapsing fever spirochete, Austin, Texas, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases 24 (11):2003-2009.

Campbell S, Huang P, et al. (2018). Tick-borne relapsing fever in Texas and Travis county: Key information and recommendationsexternal icon. Travis County Medical Society (TCMS) Journal 64 (3):22-23.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007). “Acute respiratory distress syndrome in persons with tickborne relapsing fever — Three states, 2004–2005.” MMWR. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 56(41):1073-1076.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003). “Tick-borne relapsing fever outbreak after a family gathering–New Mexico, August 2002.” MMWR. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 52 (34):809-12.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). “Tickborne relapsing fever — United States, 1990–2011MMWR. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 64(03):58-60.

Dworkin, M. S., D. E. Anderson, Jr., et al. (1998). “Tick-borne relapsing fever in the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 26 (1):122-31.

Dworkin, M. S., P. C. Shoemaker, et al. (2002). “The epidemiology of tick-borne relapsing fever in the United States.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 66 (6):753-8.

Dworkin, M. S., T. G. Schwan, et al. (2008). “Tick-borne relapsing fever.”external icon Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22 (3):449-68.

Hayes, E. B. and D. T. Dennis (2004). “Relapsing Fever.” In Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th edition. Eds D. L. Kasper, E. Braunwald, A. S. Fauci, S. L. Hauser, D. L. Longo, and J. L. Jameson. p.991-995.

Jongen, V. H., J. van Roosmalen, et al. (1997). “Tick-borne relapsing fever and pregnancy outcome in rural Tanzania.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 76 (9):834-8.

Meader, C. N. (1915). “Five cases of relapsing fever originating in Colorado, with positive blood findings in two.” Colorado Medicine 12:365-8.

Melkert, P. W. and H. V. Stel (1991). “Neonatal Borrelia infections (relapsing fever): report of 5 cases and review of the literature.” East African Medical Journal 68 (12):999-1005.

Negussie, Y., D. G. Remick, et al. (1992). “Detection of plasma tumor necrosis factor, interleukins 6, and 8 during the Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction of relapsing fever.” Journal of Experimental Medicine 175 (5):1207-12.

Paul, W. S., G. Maupin, et al. (2002). “Outbreak of tick-borne relapsing fever at the north rim of the Grand Canyon: evidence for effectiveness of preventive measures.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 66 (1):71-5.

Roscoe, C., and Epperly, T. (2005). “Tick-borne relapsing fever.”external icon American Family Physician. 72(10):2039-2044.

Schwan, T. G. and J. Piesman (2002). “Vector interactions and molecular adaptations of Lyme disease and relapsing fever spirochetes associated with transmission by ticks.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 8 (2):115-21.

Schwan, T. G., P. F. Policastro, et al. (2003). “Tick-borne relapsing fever caused by Borrelia hermsii, Montana.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 9 (9):1151-4.

Steenbarger, J. R. (1982). “Congenital tick-borne relapsing fever: report of a case with first documentation of transplacental transmission.” Birth Defects: Original Article Series 18 (3 Pt A):39-45.

Trevejo, R. T., M. E. Schriefer, et al. (1998). “An interstate outbreak of tick-borne relapsing fever among vacationers at a Rocky Mountain cabin.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 58 (6):743-7.