Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Proposed Updates to the Dog and Cat Importation Regulation (42 CFR 71.51)

CDC is seeking public input on proposed updates to its dog and cat importation regulation (42 CFR 71.51) and related definitions (42 CFR 71.50). The proposed updates to CDC’s requirements for dog importation, if adopted, would:

  • better protect the public’s health by preventing the reintroduction of dog rabies in the United States
  • impact only a small percentage of people who import dogs into the United States each year
  • provide flexibility to dog owners in meeting the regulatory requirements for importation to the United States

Rabies kills approximately 59,000 people globally each year, mostly children who are infected from dog bites. The United States was declared free of dog rabies in 2007, but dog rabies remains endemic in over 100 countries. CDC regulates the importation of dogs to prevent dog rabies from being reintroduced into the United States. CDC’s dog and cat importation regulation has not been updated in over 70 years. Dog importation has changed drastically since that time and updates are needed to protect the public’s health.

On July 10, 2023, HHS and CDC published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to begin the process of updating these regulations. The NPRM is intended to solicit public comment and feedback on the issue of dog importations and CDC’s proposal to inform the requirements of a final rule. Please see Federal Register: Public Inspection: Control of Communicable Diseases; Foreign Quarantine: Importation of Dogs and Cats for more information. You may submit written or electronic comments, identified by Docket No. CDC-2023-0051 or RIN 0920-AA82, until September 8, 2023 via the online federal rulemaking portal or through the mail. Do not submit comments by email. CDC does not accept comments by email. CDC looks forward to receiving input and considering feedback from the public.

  • Online: Federal Rulemaking Portal: Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Mail: Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS H16-4, Atlanta, GA 30329

Additional Resources

Foreign Quarantine Regulations

Frequently Asked Questions