Listed below are chapters and articles about Chlamydia pneumoniae.

General disease information

  • Cillóniz C, Ewig S, Polverino E, et al. Microbial aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia and its relation to severity. Thorax. Apr 2011;66(4):340–6.
  • Burillo A, Bouza E. Chlamydophila pneumoniae. Infect Dis Clin N Am. 2010;24:61–71.
  • Blasi F, Tarsia P, Aliberti S. Chlamydophila pneumoniae. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:29–35.
  • Cunha BA. The atypical pneumonias: Clinical diagnosis and importance. Clin Microbio Infect. 2006;12:12–24.

Diagnostic methods

  • Wolff BJ, Morrison SS, Winchell JM. Development of a multiplex TaqMan real-time PCR assay for the detection of Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia pneumoniae in human clinical specimens. Diagn Microbial Infect Dis. 2018;90(3):167–170.
  • Benitez AJ, Thurman KA, Diaz MH, Conklin, L, Kendig NE, Winchell JM, et al. Comparison of real-time PCR and a microimmunofluorescence serological assay for the detection of Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection in an outbreak investigation. J Clin Micro. 2012;50(1):151–3.
  • Thurman, KA, Warner AK, Cowart KC, Benitez AJ, Winchell JM. Detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella in clinical specimens using a single-tube multiplex real-time PCR assay. Diagn Microbial Infect Dis. 2011;70(1):1–9.
  • Kumar S, Hammerschlag MR. Acute respiratory infection due to Chlamydia pneumoniae: Current status of diagnostic methods. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44:568–76.
  • Dowell SF, Peeling RW, Boman, J, et al. Standardizing Chlamydia pneumoniae assays: Recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA) and the Laboratory Centre for Disease Control (Canada). Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33:492–502.


  • Fajardo KA, Zorich SC, Voss JD, Thervil JW. Pneumonia outbreak caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae among US air force academy cadets, Colorado, USA. EID. 2015;21
  • Conklin L, Adjemian J, Loo J, et al. Investigation of a Chlamydia pneumoniae outbreak in a federal correctional facility in Texas. Clin Infect Dis. 2013;57:639–47.
  • Dawood FS, Ambrose JF, Russell BP, et al. Outbreak of pneumonia in the setting of fatal pneumococcal meningitis among US Army trainees: Potential role of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. BMC Infect. Dis. 2011;11:157.
  • Oktem IM, Ellidokuz H, Sevinc C, et al. PCR and serology were effective for identifying Chlamydophila pneumoniae in a lower respiratory infection outbreak among military recruits. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2007;60:97–101.
  • Schmidt SM, Muller CE, Mahner B, Wiersbitzky SK. Prevalence, rate of persistence and respiratory tract symptoms of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in 1211 kindergarten and school age children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002;21:758–62.
  • Mylotte JM. Nursing home-acquired pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35:1205–11.
  • Csango PA, Haraldstad S, Pedersen JE, Jagars G, Foreland I. Respiratory tract infection due to Chlamydia pneumoniae in military personnel. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1997;104:26–9.
Page last reviewed: November 15, 2021