Fast Facts You Need to Know about Pneumococcal Disease

1. Pneumococcal disease can be very serious.

  • Pneumococcal pneumonia causes an estimated 150,000 hospitalizations each year in the United States.
  • Pneumococcal meningitis and bacteremia killed approximately 3,250 people in the United States in 2019.
Illustration of lungs, heart, and brain

alert icon Learn about pneumococcal disease symptoms and complications.

2. Anyone can get pneumococcal disease.

Baby grasps an adult's index finger
  • Young children and older adults are at increased risk compared to other age groups.
  • Certain medical conditions and other risk factors put people at increased risk for pneumococcal disease.

3. CDC recommends safe and effective pneumococcal vaccines for children and adults.

Children

All children younger than 2 years old should receive PCV13.

Children 2 through 18 years old with certain medical conditions should receive PCV13 and PPSV23.

Adults

Adults who have never received a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine should receive PCV15 or PCV20 if they

  • Are 65 years or older
  • Are 19 through 64 years old and have certain medical conditions or other risk factors

If PCV15 is used, it should be followed by a dose of PPSV23.