Infographic: Avoid Spot Treat: Heat Stroke & Heat Exhaustion
Avoid Spot Treat: Heat Stroke & Heat Exhaustion
In hot temperatures your body may be unable to properly cool itself, leading to serious health problems.
When the temperature is very high stay indoors. If you must go outside, dress properly and take breaks often. Know who is at high risk for heat stroke and heat exhaustion.
Tips to Beat the Heat
- Drink plenty of water!
- Check on friends and neighbors at high risk for heat-related illness
- Find airconditioned places to cool off (shopping malls and libraries)
- NEVER leave kids or pets in a closed, parked vehicle
- If you go outside, remember:
- A hat
- Sunscreen (spf 15 or higher)
- Lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing
- Limit time outdoors. Take breaks often
- Know who is at high risk:
- Young children
- Older adults
- People with chronic medical conditions
Know the signs of heat stroke and heat exhaustion.
Signs & Symptoms
- Very high body temperature (above 103°F)
- Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
- Rapid, strong pulse
- Throbbing headache
- Upset stomach
- Passing out
Signs & Symptoms
- Heavy sweating
- Muscle cramps
- Upset stomach or vomiting
If you see any of these signs, get medical help immediately.
While waiting for medical attention, you can help someone with heat stroke or heat exhaustion.
Move the victim to a shady area or indoors. Do not give the person fluids.
Cool the body by:
- Placing person in a cool (not cold) bath or shower
- Spraying with a garden hose
- Sponging with cool water
Continue efforts to cool the person until help arrives or his or her body temperature falls below 102°F and stays there.
Get medical attention if symptoms get worse or last longer than one hour.
Cool the body with:
- Cool, nonalcoholic beverages
- A cool (not cold) bath, shower, or sponge bath
- Moving to an airconditioned room
- Wearing lightweight clothing
Seek medical help immediately if symptoms are severe or if victim has heat problems or high blood pressure
- Page last reviewed: June 26, 2017
- Page last updated: June 26, 2017
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