Table 36. Number of Permanent Teeth Among Dentate Adults 65 Years or Older

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 36. Mean number of permanent teeth among dentate adults 65 years or older, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %a
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Total
18.9
0.22
20.7
0.22
1.8*
Age (years)
65–74b
19.3
0.27
21.7
0.24
2.4*
≥75
18.4
0.30
19.5*
0.31
1.1*
Sex
Maleb
19.0
0.29
20.8
0.29
1.8*
Female
18.8
0.27
20.6
0.26
1.8*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicb
19.4
0.24
21.6
0.24
2.2*
Black, non-Hispanic
15.1
0.49
16.0*
0.46
0.9
Mexican American
18.0
0.37
17.9*
0.49
-0.1
Poverty status
<100%FPL
15.6
0.77
16.0*
0.51
0.4
100%–199% FPL
17.0
0.50
18.3*
0.38
1.3*
≥ 200% FPLb
20.1
0.21
22.2
0.22
2.1*
Poverty status
< 200% FPL
16.6
0.46
17.6*
0.33
1.0
≥ 200% FPLb
20.1
0.21
22.2
0.22
2.1*
Education
<High school
15.9
0.39
16.9*
0.35
1.0
High school
18.1
0.34
19.2*
0.34
1.1*
>High schoolb
21.0
0.25
22.1
0.23
1.2*
Cigarette smoking history
Current smoker
15.3
0.75
15.8*
0.75
0.5
Former smoker
18.1
0.29
20.2*
0.32
2.1*
Never smokedb
19.9
0.33
21.6
0.26
1.7*

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups; maximum age group is >80) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor.

*P < 0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Change from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value = increase; negative value = decrease.
Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.