Table 3. Number of Untreated Decayed or Filled Primary Teeth Among Children Aged 2–5 Years

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 3. Mean number of untreated decayed (dt), filled (ft), and untreated decayed or filled (dft) primary teeth among children aged 2–5 years with at least one dft, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change in dfta
Change in dta
Change in fta
dft
dt
ft
dft
dt
ft
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Total
4.1
0.21
2.6
0.20
1.4
0.15
4.3
0.16
1.6
0.11
2.8
0.15
0.3
-1.1*
1.3*
Sex
Maleb
4.1
0.27
2.4
0.25
1.7
0.21
4.3
0.19
1.6
0.14
2.7
0.18
0.2
-0.8*
1.0*
Female
4.1
0.21
2.9
0.21
1.2
0.16
4.5
0.26
1.5
0.15
3.0
0.27
0.4
-1.4*
1.8*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicb
4.1
0.36
2.6
0.31
1.5
0.26
4.7
0.42
1.7
0.25
2.9
0.39
0.6
-0.9*
1.5*
Black, non-Hispanic
3.7
0.27
2.5
0.23
1.3
0.22
4.1
0.21
1.9
0.20
2.2
0.27
0.4
-0.6
0.9*
Mexican American
3.9
0.21
2.4
0.18
1.5
0.19
4.8
0.24
1.3
0.17
3.4
0.22
0.8*
-1.1*
1.9*
Poverty status
<100%FPL
4.9
0.29
3.0
0.25
1.8
0.24
4.4
0.21
1.5
0.15
2.9
0.23
-0.5
-1.5*
1.0*
100%–199% FPL
4.3
0.31
3.0
0.34
1.3
0.24
4.1
0.26
1.7
0.17
2.5
0.26
-0.1
-1.3*
1.2*
≥200% FPLb
3.1
0.30
1.8
0.28
1.2
0.20
4.4
0.52
1.5
0.28
2.9
0.46
1.3*
-0.3
1.7*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
4.6
0.24
3.0
0.22
1.6
0.22
4.3
0.16
1.6
0.13
2.7
0.18
-0.3
-1.5*
1.1*
≥200% FPLb
3.1
0.30
1.8
0.28
1.2
0.20
4.4
0.52
1.5
0.28
2.9
0.46
1.3*
-0.3
1.7*

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (single years) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor.

*P < 0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Change from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value = increase; negative value = decrease.
Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.