Administrative Controls: Change the Way People Work  

  • Administrative controls are changes in work procedures to reduce the duration, frequency, and severity of exposure to hazardous chemicals or situations. Administrative controls include work practice controls which are intended to reduce the likelihood of exposure by changing the way a task is performed.

Administrative Control examples include:

    • Train on job-related hazards during initial assignment, for any new or updated procedure, and whenever a new process or piece of equipment is introduced
    • Provide for medical surveillance, vaccination, fit testing, equipment, appropriate selection and availability of PPE
    • Train and educate about proper use and disposal of PPE
    • Pre-screen patients for aerosol transmissible diseases and/or communicable diseases and reschedule patient contact or appointment, as necessary
    • Adjust work schedules to avoid fatigue and burnout
    • Display warning signs for potential hazards (e.g., bloodborne pathogens, lasers)
    • Identify and label dedicated area for biohazardous waste and contaminated linen storage
    • Make written health and safety policy and procedure manuals available and accessible, 24 hours a day/7 days per week and ensure they are annually reviewed and updated:
    • Provide a written inventory of hazardous chemicals, Safety Data Sheets (SDS), and secondary labels accessible 24/7, organized, and in alphabetical order

Work Practice control examples include:

    • Hand Hygiene (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020)
    • Remove/reduce pathogens through hand hygiene
    • Prevent disease transmission through the single most important and effective way: hand washing
    • Wash hands with liquid soap and water whenever sinks are readily available (OSHA 29CFR1910.1030), before and after gloving, when hands are visibly soiled, after contact with blood, body fluids, or after known or suspected exposure to spores (e.g.,  anthracis, C difficile outbreaks). See Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings
    • Use an alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) that is 60-95% ethanol as an alternative to hand washing when sinks are not readily available
    • Review for hazardous products currently under FDA investigation
    • Identify dedicated areas for food and drink storage, eating, drinking, and for applying cosmetics
    • Transport contaminated instruments using labeled, covered containers
    • Use spill kits (biohazardous, chemical, and chemotherapy)
    • Handle patients safely through use of personal protective equipment
    • Efficacy against various micro-organisms may be limited
Page last reviewed: April 28, 2022