Organization of Work: Factual Autonomy Scale

Workers putting puzzle pieces together

NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

Factual Autonomy Scale

ID = 096

Content Area(s)

  • Decision making processes
  • Job control

Instrument Type


Occupation and Sector Specificity

Occupation(s): Generic

Sector(s): Generic

Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures

Measures: Factual autonomy scale (10

Other Content Areas Included in the Instrument


Developmental Status of the Instrument

Development completed; one or more evaluations completed.


Original: English


Reliability and Validity Information (or Relevant Citation)

Spector PE and Fox S (2003) Reducing subjectivity in the assessment of the job environment: development of the Factual Autonomy Scale (FAS). Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24:417-432.

Selected Reference

Bruursema K and Spector PE (2005) Leadership style and the link with Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB). Abstract presented at the 20th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Los Angeles, CA, April 2005.

Accessibility of the Instrument


User Fees

Free for educational and research purposes. For commercial use, contact Dr. Paul Spector at

Where to Obtain a Copy of the Instrument

Scale items can be obtained at the following web site: