Organization of Work: Measurement Tools for Research and Practice
Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ)
NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated
ID = 086
- Job content
- Job control
- Job demands (or expectations)
- Social supports / relations
- Job (in)security
Occupation and Sector Specificity
Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures
Co-worker social support (6 items)
Decision authority (3 items)
Job insecurity (6 items)
Macro-level decision authority (8 items)
Physical job demands (5 items)
Psychological job demands (5 items)
Skill discretion (6 items)
Skill underutilization (1 item)
Supervisor social support (5 items)
Other Content Areas Included in the Instrument
Mental health measures (2 items)
Physical health measures (2 items)
Developmental Status of the Instrument
Instrument used widely; well-defined properties.
Other: Translation and back-translation has been performed for the following languages: Belgium / Flemish, Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, German, Greek, French (Canada), Iceland, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malaysian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Spanish (Mexico, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Spain: Valença (Castilian), Barcelona (Catalunya), and Lleida), Swedish, Taiwanese, and Thai.
Reliability and Validity Information (or Relevant Citation)
Karasek R and Theorell T (1990) Healthy work: stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life, New York: Basic Books.
Karasek R, Brisson C, Kawakami N, Houtman I, Bongers P and Amick, B. (1998) The job content questionnaire (JCQ): an instrument for internationally comparative assessments of psychosocial job characteristics. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3(4): 322-355.
Accessibility of the Instrument
The JCQ is provided with research documentation to most users free of charge, but commercial and very large research projects pay a usage fee to support comparative reliability analysis and instrument development on a nonprofit basis through the JCQ Center, University of Massachusetts Lowell.
Where to Obtain a Copy of the Instrument
Users should request the instrument from the JCQ Center, located at the Øresund Synergy ApS in Denmark, by telephone +45 40461000 or by sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.