Organization of Work: Psychological Empowerment at Work Scale

Workers putting puzzle pieces together

Psychological Empowerment at Work Scale

NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated. spreitze/empowermentinstrument.pdf

ID = 056

Content Area(s)

  • Job content
  • Job control
  • Power structure
  • Empowerment

Instrument Type


Occupation and Sector Specificity

Occupation(s): Generic

Sector(s): Generic

Name and Size of Work Organization and/or Workplace Psychosocial Measures

Psychological empowerment (12 items)

Other Content Areas Included in the Instrument


Developmental Status of the Instrument

Instrument used widely; well-defined properties.


Original: English

Other: unknown

Reliability and Validity Information (or Relevant Citation)

Spreitzer GM, McMcall MW & Mahoney JD (1997). Early identification of international executive potential. Journal of Applied Psychology, 28:6-29.

Selected Reference

Liden RC, Wayne SJ, Sparrowe RT (2000) An examination of the mediating role of psychological empowerment on the relations between the job, interpersonal relationships, and work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 407-416.

Accessibility of the Instrument

Public Domain

User Fees


Where to Obtain a Copy of the Instrument

The instrument can be obtained in print at Spreitzer GM (1995) Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38: 1442-1465, or online at