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Agriculture & Forestry

Predicting the performance of cost-effective rollover protective structure designs
Safety Science: October 2011 / 49(8-9):1252-1261

Evaluating the Protective Capacity of Two-post ROPS for a Seat-belted Occupant During a Farm Tractor Overturn
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health: January 2011 / 17(1):15-32

Certified Safe Farm: Identifying and Removing Hazards on the Farm
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health: April 2010 / 16(2):75-86

ROPS Performance During Field Upset and Static Testing
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health: January 2010 / 16(1):5–18

Commercializing an Automatically Deployable Rollover Protective Structure (AutoROPS) for a Zero-turn Riding Mower: Initial Product Safety Assessment Criteria
Proceedings of IMECE04, 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 13-20, 2004, Anaheim, California, New York: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2004 Nov; :1–7

Hazard ID 13: Hazards Associated With Using Farm Tractors to Move Large Bales
NIOSH Publication No. 2001-146 (July, 2001
According to NIOSH analysis of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 74 workers were fatally injured from 1992 through 1998 while harvesting, handling, or working near bales and bale-handling equipment. Forty-two of these workers were killed while preparing bales for transport or while moving them. Farm tractors were involved in 34 of these 42 events. In a number of these deaths, rollover protective structures on tractors and specialized handling equipment were not used, and parked tractors were not secured to prevent them from rolling.
En español

Remote Controls on an Agricultural Tractor for Performing ASAE/SAE Field Upset Tests
Proceedings of the 93rd Annual International Meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Paper No. 007004, Milwaukee, WI, July 9-12, 2000. St. Joseph, MI: American Society of Agricultural Engineers, July 2000; :1-6

Effectiveness of Roll-over Protective Structures in Reducing Arm Tractor Fatalities
American Journal of Preventive Medicine: May 2000 / 18(4S):63-69

Hazard ID 8: Injury Associated With Working Near or Operating Wood Chippers
NIOSH Publication No. 99-145 (August, 1999)
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 11 workers lost their lives during 1992 through 1997 while working near mobile wood chippers. In seven of the incidents, the victim was caught by the feed mechanism and pulled through the chipper knives. The victims in four of the incidents were struck by hoods (guards that cover the rotating chipper knives) that separated from the machines after being improperly opened or closed while knives were still rotating.

Update: Improper Hitching To Tractors Can Be Fatal
NIOSH Publication No. 97-108 (January 14, 1997)
Farmers and others who use tractors are at risk for severe injury or death if proper hitching methods are not used when towing or pulling objects with tractors.

Update: NIOSH Warns Farmers of Forage Wagon Hazards
NIOSH Publication No. 95-118 (September 14, 1995)
Working with forage wagons can be extremely dangerous and may cause severe injury, amputation, or death. Installing an extension to increase the space between the tractors and ensuring that PTO drivelines are properly guarded will significantly reduce the risk of injury.

Safe Grain and Silage Handling
NIOSH Publication No. 95-109 (August, 1995)
Grain-handling machinery is the second largest cause of farm machinery-related deaths and also causes many severe disfiguring injuries and amputations. Many grain-handling hazards can be avoided. The goal of this booklet is to point out these hazards and suggest practical ways to prevent injury. These suggestions were gathered from agricultural engineers and safety experts throughout the world, but primarily from the United States and Canada.

NIOSH Alert: Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Loggers' NIOSH Publication No. 95-101 (May 1995)
During the period 1980–89, an estimated 1,492 deaths occurred in the logging industry. Most of these logging deaths occurred in four occupational groups: logging occupations (for example, fellers, limbers, buckers, and choker setters), truck drivers, general laborers, and material machine operators.
En español

NIOSH Alert: Preventing Scalping and Other Severe Injuries from Farm Machinery
NIOSH Publication No. 94-105 (June 1994)
Many farm workers are injured each year when clothing, hair, or body parts become entangled around the inadequately guarded rotating drivelines or shafts of farm machinery driven by power take-offs.
En español

Update: Danger of Hair Entanglement in Hay Baler Drive Shafts
NIOSH Publication No. 93-126 (May 20, 1993)
Five women in New York have been scalped and/or suffered severe facial disfigurement due to their hair becoming entangled in hay balers. All four incidents involved a secondary driveline which powers bale throwers on hay balers manufactured by New Holland in the early 1970s. The bale throwers that post this hazard are Models 54A, 54B, 58, and 62, which were placed on a variety of New Holland hay balers. Although these models are no longer manufactured, an unknown number remain in use. It is essential that all farmers, farm family members, and farm workers be alerted to the hazards of working with this and other farm machinery.

NIOSH Alert: Preventing Entrapment and Suffocation Caused by the Unstable Surfaces of Stored Grain and Other Materials
NIOSH Publication No. 88-102 (December 1987)
Entrapment and suffocation are hazards associated with storage bins and hoppers where loose materials such as grain, sand, or gravel are stored, handled, or transferred. The fatalities described in this Alert occurred when suspended materials or crusted surfaces of stored material suddenly broke loose and entrapped the workers. The behavior of such material is unpredictable, and entrapment and burial can occur in a matter of seconds. This Alert recounts seven case reports describing the deaths of 12 workers. In each case, the workers became entrapped in grain or other loose material and were unable to free themselves or be freed by their coworkers. These deaths demonstrate the need to focus on preventing future fatalities.

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