Ebola Virus



Ebola is a severe and often fatal disease in humans. It is also known as Ebola virus disease (EVD) and Ebola hemorrhagic fever. The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first in West Africa. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and partners are taking precautions to prevent the spread of Ebola within the United States. For current information about Ebola, visit the CDC Ebola webpage.

CDC has developed Ebola prevention and control recommendations for healthcare workers, laboratory workers, air medical transport, mortuary and funeral workers, and first responders such as firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and police officers. CDC has also developed guidance for airline workers and humanitarian workers.

Healthcare and airline workers may be at risk if they are exposed to infected people who have the signs and symptoms of Ebola. Laboratory workers and other healthcare workers may be at risk if they collect or handle infectious specimens. They are also at risk if they are directly exposed to the blood or body fluids of a patient with Ebola or objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected body fluids.More information on transmission of Ebola virus can be found here.

The symptoms of Ebola include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and lack of appetite. Symptoms may appear 2 to 21 days after exposure to the Ebola virus, although 8 to10 days is most common.

This page provides information about Ebola for employers and workers in healthcare and other industries. For additional information about workplace exposures, visit

CDC Ebola web page

OSHA Ebola web pageexternal icon


    Hospital healthcare, Laboratory, Emergency medical response, Funeral and mortuary, Air medical transport


    Airline, Humanitarian aid, Colleges and universities, Cleaning and disinfection

Page last reviewed: October 30, 2014