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Research To Practice (r2p)

  Scientist with optical wire  Worker wearing respirator and chemical protective clothing  r2p logo

Archived r2p in Action

This list provides examples of other r2p successes. NIOSH invites potential partners to learn more from these achievements and to work with us on existing and future partnering opportunities. Please contact the NIOSH Scientific Contact listed within the r2p in action story below for more information about their project or an r2p representative to learn more about the r2p initiative at NIOSH.

Handwipe Method for Detecting Lead

Scientific Contact: Eric Esswein, (303-236-5946)
Licensing Contact: Kathleen Goedel, (513-533-8686)
Through a simple color change, a NIOSH-developed hand wipe technology quickly and easily detects the presence of lead (Pb) contamination on skin and hard surfaces in industries where lead is produced or used to a limit of identification of 15 micrograms per sample. The method was designed following a NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation in a Pb acid battery plant that revealed high concentrations of Pb on worker's hands after washing and also on a variety of surfaces throughout the plant cafeteria. The Handwipe Disclosing Method for the Presence of Lead is patented (US Patent 6,248,593 External Web Site) and commercially available under the brand name Full Disclosure®. While the method provides instant field results, the samples can also be analyzed using numerous NIOSH laboratory analytical methods. Recognition of lead exposure risks is a critical first step in preventing workplace exposures as well as limiting take-home toxics that can result in ingesting of lead during eating, drinking, or smoking. Through this novel technology, lead exposure can be reduced for more than 10,000 workers and 900,000 children in the United States. Full Disclosure® was licensed in 2003 and is commercially available from SKC, Inc. . Mention of a company name does not imply commercial endorsement by NIOSH.

Handwipe Method for Detecting Methamphetamine (Meth)

Scientific Contact: Eric Esswein, (303-236-5946)
Licensing Contact: Kathleen Goedel, (513-533-8686)
The Handwipe Method for Detecting Meth is an innovation that followed the NIOSH-invented Hand Wipe Method for Detecting Lead (see related r2p in action story on this page). NIOSH field investigations conducted with city law enforcement agencies and a global research center revealed the critical need for real-time meth surface detection methods. This method would enable first responders to accurately sample and determine meth concentrations so appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) would be used in remediation of the crime or incident site. After development and testing of the method, SKC, Inc. approached NIOSH about the possibility of developing the technology and expressed interest in taking the idea to market. After working with SKC, Inc. on developing the Pb detection method under the brand name Full Disclosure ®, NIOSH trusted SKC's intentions and believed the company was highly motivated to take the technology to market. SKC, Inc. enthusiastically pursued licensing the invention. In 2006, SKC released two products at the American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition. The two NIOSH-invented technologies were commercialized and are now sold under the brand names MethAlertT (a colorimetric method) and MethChekT (immunochemical method). Mention of a company name does not imply commercial endorsement by NIOSH.

Preventing Injuries Related to Motor Vehicle Equipment

Workers on roadway construction sites face the risk of death or serious injury from passing motorists, construction vehicles and equipment. NIOSH sponsored a workshop with 60 key stakeholders from government agencies, labor unions, and private employers to discuss measures to reduce worker injuries from vehicles and equipment. As a result of this workshop, NIOSH then compiled research results and workshop participant input into a highway work safety zone guide. To date, over 21,000 copies have been distributed creating greater recognition that construction vehicles pose a substantial safety risk to employees in highway work zones. The guide has also been used in worker training programs and supplemental insurance carrier risk management plans. For more information on this r2p in action story and contact information, see NIOSH Protecting Workers in Construction document.

Preventing Tractor Overturn Injuries

One-third of agricultural fatalities result from tractor overturns. In an effort to promote the use of Roll-over Protective Structures (ROPS), the Northeast Center for Agricultural and Occupational Health (NEC) studied risk perceptions, barriers, and motivating factors to tractor retrofitting among farmers in New York State. The results guided a social marketing campaign that was rigorously evaluated by implementing different levels of intervention efforts then comparing retrofit sales across different campaign regions. NEC's campaign included a retrofitting/ROPS informational hotline for farmers as well as a 70% rebate on the cost of a rollbar, funded by the New York State Legislature. In the first year, more than 1000 farmers expressed interest and 259 completed the retrofit / rebate process. For more information on this r2p in action story and contact information, see NIOSH Protecting Workers in Agriculture document.