Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities
The mission of the Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities (TWU) Program is to reduce occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among workers in these industries through a focused program of research and prevention. The program strives to fulfill its mission through the following approaches:
High Quality Research: Conducting high quality, evidence-based research and prevention activities that will lead to reductions in occupational injuries and illnesses among workers in TWU industries through surveillance, exposure assessments, and field work.
The TWU program’s research is focused on these areas:
- Reducing transportation- and fatigue-related injuries among TWU workers
- Addressing human-machine interaction to reduce injuries and illnesses among TWU workers
- Reducing obesity and chronic disease among TWU workers
Practical Solutions: Developing useful and effective solutions to the complex problems that cause occupational injuries, illness, and fatalities to improve the safety, health and well-being of TWU workers.
Partnerships: Collaborating with partners in labor, industry, government, academia and other stakeholders to achieve successful and sustainable outcomes. Our partners contribute by:
- Stimulating relevant and innovative research
- Access to workplaces for field-based research
- Encouraging science-based changes to improve the safety, health and well-being of TWU workers
Research to Practice (r2p): Formulating a strategy to promote the transfer and translation of research findings into prevention practices and products that will be adopted in the workplace. Each research project includes a plan for translating and transferring NIOSH research findings, technologies, and information into effective injury and illness prevention practices.
The TWU Program is comprised of eight industries. This super sector grouping includes two parts: the NAICSexternal icon Transportation and Warehousing Sector and the Utilities Sector and covers:
- Transportation including all modes of transporting passengers and cargo by air, rail, water, road, and pipeline.
- Warehousing consists of establishments engaged primarily in the storage of goods.
- Utilities covers electric power, natural gas, alternative sources, water, sewage, and other systems.
Over the past decade, we have conducted research in Air, Couriers and Messengers, Taxi, and Trucking. Our research has focused on surveillance, body shape and size data, environmental exposures, motor vehicle crashes, musculoskeletal disorders, shift work, and workplace violence. The TWU super sector represents 5.1% of the U.S. workforce. The following table represents the employment and fatality information for the TWU super sector.
|NAICS||Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities||Employment 2018 (% of total TWU)||Fatality rate per 100,000 FTE||Percentage of Fatalities|
|48-49||Transportation and Warehousing||7,346,000 (84%)||12.4||95%|
|481||Air Transportation||591,000 (7%)||4.6||3%|
|482||Rail Transportation||258,000 (3%)||6.6||2%|
|483||Water Transportation||91,000 (1%)||13.2||1%|
|484||Truck Transportation||2,224,000 (25%)||27.3||64%|
|485||Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation||1,168,000 (13%)||5.7||8%|
|486||Pipeline Transportation||74,000 (1%)||1.4||<1%|
|487||Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation||34,000 (<1%)||32.1||1%|
|488||Support Activities for Transportation||873,000 (10%)||10.2||9%|
|491||Postal Service||625,000 (7%)||2.7||2%|
|492||Couriers and Messengers||767,000 (9%)||7.2||4%|
|493||Warehousing and Storage||642,000 (7%)||4.1||3%|
U.S. Census Bureau/BLS . Current Population Survey (CPS), 2018. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://www.bls.gov/cps/external iconexternal icon
BLS  Data Tools, Workplace Injuries, Occupational Injuries and Illnesses and Fatal Injuries Profiles, 2018, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://www.bls.gov/data/#injuriesexternal iconexternal icon