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	hazard signs, worker avoiding falling box

Input: Occupational Safety and Health Risks

On average, approximately 88 workers die each week in the United States from injuries sustained at work.1 Just over 3.0 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses were reported in 2013, with almost all (95%) of these injuries.2 According to the 2014 Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index, workers’ compensation insurance costs for workers hurt on the job in 2012 amounted to 59.6 billion.3 The annual Workplace Safety Index tracks the causes of serious, non-fatal workplace injuries that cause workers to miss 6 or more days from work. The estimates are derived by combining information from Liberty Mutual Insurance, the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the National Academy of Social Insurance. These direct, insured costs of workplace injury include indemnity (wage) payments to injured workers and payments for their medical care.


The number of fatal occupational injuries (4,585) in 2013 was the second-lowest annual total recorded since 1992.1 The overall rate of fatal occupational injuries was 3.3 fatal injuries per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers, slightly lower than that in 2012 (3.4).1 Seventy-nine percent (3,635) of the fatalities were among wage and salary workers.1 Ninety-three percent (4,265) of the fatalities were incurred by men.1 The leading fatal injury event continued to be transportation-related incidents (41% or 1,865), of which 59% (1,099) were highway-related events.1 In fact, the transportation and material moving occupations experienced the most fatal injuries of all the occupations (27% or 1,255). By industry sector, construction accounted for the most fatal injuries (20% or 828).1

Nonfatal Injuries

For 2013, the BLS estimated 3.5 million injuries among workers in all industries including private industry and State and local government agencies with a rate of 3.3 cases per 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers. Of these, 2.9 million injuries occurred in private industry at a rate of 3.1 per 100 FTE and 698,900 injuries occurred among State and local government workers at a rate of 5.9 per 100 FTE. Of the private industry injuries, 76% occurred in service providing industries and 24% occurred in goods producing industries. The four NORA private sector industries that had the largest number of nonfatal injuries were services (27%), wholesale and retail trade (21%), health care and social assistance (21%), and manufacturing (15%). Of the injuries that occurred among State and local government workers, 98% occurred in service providing industries (education/health services and public administration) and 2% occurred in goods producing industries. The BLS data are based on a survey of employers that excludes an estimated 14% of US workers, including the self-employed, private household workers, farms with fewer than 11 employees, and Federal government employees.

NIOSH Worker Health eChartbook
The eChartbook is a descriptive epidemiologic reference on occupational morbidity and mortality in the United States. A web-based resource for agencies, organizations, employers, researchers, workers, and others who need to know about occupational injuries and illnesses, the eChartbook includes more than 8,000 figures and tables describing the magnitude, distribution, and trends of the Nation's occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.


  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Revisions to the 2013 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) counts. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor; 2015. Accessed online August 28, 2015
  2. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Workplace injuries and illnesses in 2013. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor; 2014.
  3. Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety. 2014 Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index.