Safe • Skilled • Ready Workforce Program

Resources

NIOSH research demonstrates that a “ready worker” has both the required job-specific skills and the workplace safety and health skills needed to perform a job and to contribute to and benefit from a safe, healthy, and productive workplace. The following resources provide tools to disseminate workplace safety and health knowledge and information to help prepare vulnerable workers, including young and contingent workers, for safe and healthy employment.

Young Workers

NIOSHTIC-2 is a database of occupational safety and health publications and products supported in whole or in part by NIOSH. You can find publications related to job safety and health for young workers by using keywords and search strings such as “young workers” OR “teenagers” AND “injury;” or “young workers” OR “teenagers” AND “training.” If you would like to limit the search to journal articles, add the search term “journal” to the document type field.

Selected Publications by NIOSH Researchers

Preparing teens to stay safe and healthy on the job: a multilevel evaluation of the Talking Safety curriculum for middle schools and high schools
Authors: Guerin RJ; Okun AH; Barile JP; Emshoff JG; Ediger MD; Baker DS
Source: Prev Sci 2019 ePub ahead of Press

Using a modified theory of planned behavior to examine adolescents’ workplace safety and health knowledge, perceptions, and behavioral intention: a structural equation modeling approach
Authors: Guerin RJ; Toland MD; Okun AH; Rojas-Guyler L; Bernard AL
Source: J Youth Adolesc 2018 Aug; 47(8):1595-1610

Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers: evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities
Authors: Cunningham TR; Guerin RJ; Keller BM; Flynn MA; Salgado C; Hudson D
Source: Saf Sci 2018 Mar; 103:62-69

CDC Grand Rounds: promoting hearing health across the lifespan
Authors: Murphy WJ; Eichwald J; Meinke DK; Chadha S; Iskander J
Source: MMWR 2018 Mar; 67(8):243-246

Foundational workplace safety and health competencies for the emerging workforce
Authors: Okun-AH; Guerin-RJ; Schulte-PA
Source: J Saf Res 2016 Dec; 59:43-51

Development and validation of an assessment tool for a national young worker curriculum
Authors: Guerin-RJ; Okun-AH; Kelley-P
Source: Am J Ind Med 2016 Nov; 59(11):969-978

The NIOSH CROPS demonstration project: a study in New York and Virginia with an emphasis on youth
Authors: Hard-DL; McKenzie-EA Jr.; Cantis-D; May-J; Sorensen-J; Bayes-B; Madden-E; Stone-B; Maass-J
Source: J Agric Saf Health 2016 Jul; 22(3):173-186

Bringing work safety and health to schools
Authors: Lacey-S; Guerin-R; Okun-A
Source: Synergist 2015 Oct; 26(8):10

Selected Publications by NIOSH-funded Extramural Researcher

Using the socio-ecological model to frame agricultural safety and health interventions
Authors: Lee-BC; Bendixsen-C; Liebman-AK; Gallagher-SG
Source: J Agromed 2017 Oct; 22(4):298-303

Safety training for working youth: methods used versus methods wanted
Authors: Zierold-KM
Source: Work 2016 May; 54(1):149-157

Factors affecting high school teacher adoption, sustainability, and fidelity to the “Youth@Work: Talking Safety” curriculum
Authors: Rauscher-KJ; Casteel-C; Bush-D; Myers-DJ
Source: Am J Ind Med 2015 Dec; 58(12):1288-1299

Adolescent workers’ experiences of and training for workplace violence
Authors: Smith-CR; Gillespie-GL; Beery-TA
Source: Workplace Health Saf 2015 Jul; 63(7):297-307

Occupational health literacy and work-related injury among U.S. adolescents
Authors: Rauscher-KJ; Meyers-DJ
Source: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2014 Jan; 21(1):81-89

Attitudes of teenagers towards workplace safety training
Authors: Zierold-KM; Welsh-EC; McGeeney-TJ
Source: J Community Health 2012 Dec; 37(6):1289-1295

Using death certificates and medical examiner records for adolescent occupational fatality surveillance and research: a case study
Authors: Rauscher-KJ; Runyan-CW; Radisch-D
Source: J Occup Environ Hyg 2012 Oct; 9(10):609-615

Guidelines for children’s work in agriculture: implications for the future
Authors: Marlenga-B; Lee-BC; Pickett-W
Source: J Agromed 2012 Apr; 17(2):140-148

Work-related fatalities among youth ages 11-17 in North Carolina, 1990-2008
Authors: Rauscher-KJ; Runyan-CW; Radisch-D
Source: Am J Ind Med 2011 Feb; 54(2):136-142

Youth@Work—Talking Safety
The NIOSH young worker curriculum, customized for each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The curriculum is also available in Spanish (for selected states).

Teaching Talking Safety
Six brief videos to guide instructors of the Youth@Work—Talking Safety curriculum.

Teen Workers: Real Jobs, Real Risks (Mallory’s Story)External
Video that accompanies Youth@Work—Talking Safety, featuring a young worker who was injured.

Safety Matters
NIOSH/American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) interactive teaching module based on Youth@Work—Talking Safety.

Research Rounds

NIOSH 8 Core Competencies Help Protect Young Workers
February 2017. Overview of the framework published in the Journal of Safety Research.

Science Blogs

Protecting Young Workers in Retail Jobs
June 8, 2016. Overview of the safety and health issues young retail workers face.

Preventing Wood Chipper Fatalities
December 17, 2015. Overview of the hazards of working with this machine and how to mitigate them.

“Safety Matters”—Bringing Work Safety and Health to the Classroom
October 28, 2015. Overview of the partnership with the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) to create and launch the Safety Matters curriculum and initiative.

You Can Help Keep Your Kids Safe at Work
July 9, 2012. Overview of young worker safety and health issues and steps parents can take to protect their children at work.

Safety and Health for Younger Workers
May 4, 2010. Overview of young worker injury and fatality data published by NIOSH researchers in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

NIOSH eNews

News From Our Partners: Supporting Strong Safety and Health Training in Community College Construction Programs
May 2018. Announcement of new products to protect career technical education students in construction programs.

News From Our Partners: NIOSH Child Ag Center Featured in National News Publications
April 2018. Announcement that The New York Times and New Food Economy both featured NIOSH Agricultural Centers.

NIOSH Congratulates: AIHA President’s Award
July 2017. Announcement that Dr. Rebecca Guerin, coordinator of SSRW, was presented the AIHA President’s Award.

Updates on Talking Safety
July 2017. Announcement of the translation of Talking Safety into Spanish.

From the Director’s Desk: School’s Out, But Safety Should Always Be In
June 2016.Overview of Talking Safety and related activities.

Bill Requires Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Training for Students Using NIOSH Materials
July 2015. Announcement of the signing of Oklahoma State Senate Bill 262 to provide OSH training to youth.

From the Director’s Desk: Championing Young Workers
May 2015. Announcement of a partnership between NIOSH and the Miami-Dade County Public Schools and the signing of Oklahoma State Senate Bill 262 to provide OSH training to youth.

Press Releases

NIOSH and BCSP Extend Partnership with New Memorandum of Understanding
October 1, 2018. Announcement of a collaborative partnership to protect the safety and health of our nation’s young workers.

NIOSH Youth@Work—Talking Safety Assessment Now Available
November 30, 2016. Announcement of the release of an assessment for the Talking Safety curriculum.

NIOSH, WVU bring Youth@Work Training to West Virginia Schools
August 23, 2016. Announcement that Talking Safety will be included in the eighth grade curriculum of the Monongalia County School System.

NIOSH, AIHA Jointly Announce “Safety Matters” Initiative for Young Workers
October 27, 2015. Announcement of the publication of Safety Matters.

Practices to Protect Youth, Children From Hazardous Work Are Shared At Workshop Hosted By NIOSH, Partners
June 2, 2011. Overview of a workshop between domestic and international workplace safety agencies.

Other NIOSH Resources

Young Drivers at Work
Information for young workers who drive as a part of their job.

Young Retail Workers
Information on topics relevant to young workers in retail.

Young Workers at Risk When Working in Agricultural Production
A report on the higher levels of death and injury faced by young agricultural workers.

Young Worker Safety and Health
Publications, resources, and datasets from the NIOSH Division of Safety Research.

Promotional Materials

Are You a Teen Worker?
Handout summarizing risks, rights and responsibilities, and resources for young workers.

Are You a Working Teen?
Website summarizing rights and responsibilities for young workers.

Talking Safety Brochure
Promotional brochure for the Talking Safety curriculum.

External Resources

Department of Labor—Youth Rules!External
Information about regulations for young workers.

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission—Youth@WorkExternal
Information about rights and responsibilities for young workers.

Labor Occupational Health Program, University of California, BerkeleyExternal
Resources for young workers.

Massachusetts Department of Public Health—Work-related Injuries to Young WorkersExternal
Resources for young workers, their parents, their teachers, and their employers.

National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and SafetyExternal
Resources to promote safety and health of children who live on or work on farms.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)—Young Workers PageExternal
Resources for young workers, their parents, and their employers.

Technical Education Curricula for Health and Safety (TECHS)External
Instructional material for students attending 1 or 2 year vocational programs.

Washington State Department of Labor & Industries—Teen Workers PageExternal
Resources for young workers.

Contingent Workers

NIOSHTIC-2 is a database of occupational safety and health publications and products supported in whole or in part by NIOSH. You can find publications related to job safety and health for contingent workers by using keywords and search strings such as “temporary workers” OR “contingent workers” AND “injury;” or “temporary workers” OR “contingent workers” AND “training.” If you would like to limit the search to journal articles, add the search term “journal” to the document type field.

Selected Publications by NIOSH Researchers

Nonstandard work arrangements and worker health and safety
Authors: Howard J
Source: Am J Ind Med 2017 Jan; 60(1):1-10

Disparities in access to health insurance and workers’ compensation benefit between non contingent and contingent farm workers in U.S. agriculture
Authors: Asfaw-A
Source: J Health Dispar Res Pract 2014 Summer; 7(3):81-97

Prevalence rates of work organization characteristics among workers in the U.S.: data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey
Authors: Alterman-T; Luckhaupt-SE; Dahlhamer-JM; Ward-BW; Calvert-GM
Source: Am J Ind Med 2013 Jun; 56(6):647-659

Contingent workers and contingent health – risks of a modern economy
Authors: Cummings-KJ; Kreiss-K
Source: JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2008 Jan; 299(4):448-450

Selected Publications by NIOSH-funded Extramural Researchers

Physical exposures, work tasks, and OSHA-10 training among temporary and payroll construction workers
Authors: Caban-Martinez AJ; Santiago KM; Stillman J; Moore KJ; Sierra DA; Chalmers J; Baniak M; Jordan MM
Source: J Occup Environ Med 2018 Apr; 60(4):e159-e165

Safety climate among nontraditional workers in construction: arguing for a focus on construed external safety image
Authors: Stiehl E; Forst L
Source: New Solut 2018 May; 28(1):33-54

Occupational safety and health in the temporary services industry: a model for a community-university partnership
Authors: Bonney T; Forst L; Rivers S; Love M; Pratap P; Bell T; Fulkerson S
Source: New Solut 2017 Aug; 27(2):246-259

Factors underlying observed injury rate differences between temporary workers and permanent peers
Authors: Foley-M
Source: Am J Ind Med 2017 Oct; 60(10):841-851

Workers’ compensation filings of temporary workers compared to direct hire workers in Illinois, 2007-2012
Authors: Madigan-D; Forst-L; Friedman-LS
Source: Am J Ind Med 2017 Jan; 60(1):11-19

Temporary workers in the construction industry
Authors: Dong XS; Wang X; Largay JA
Source: CPWR Quarterly Data Report. Silver Spring, MD: CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, 2015 Jun:1-16

Possibilities and challenges in occupational injury surveillance of day laborers
Authors: Lowry-SJ; Blecker-H; Camp-J; De Castro-B; Hecker-S; Arbabi-S; Traven-N; Seixas-NS
Source: Am J Ind Med 2010 Feb; 53(2):126-234

The impact of contingent workers on the workplace
Authors: Stagg-S
Source: AAOHN J 2004 Sep; 52(9):412

Science Blogs

Musculoskeletal Health Research to Benefit Temporary Retail Workers
December 6, 2017. Overview of resources for seasonal retail workers.

Nonstandard Work Arrangements
January 3, 2017. Overview of non-standard work arrangements and associated safety and health issues.

New Research Identifies 5 Best Practices for Keeping Contractors Safe
October 1, 2015. Overview of five recommended practices.

Labor Day Message from NIOSH Director, John Howard, M.D.
September 7, 2015. Overview of contingent work and NIOSH’s role in delivering safety and health messages.

Addressing the Hazards of Temporary Employment— A Joint Session of the NORA Manufacturing Sector and Services Sector Councils
June 16, 2015. Overview of speakers and topics.

Contingent Workers
February 19, 2008. Overview of findings published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

eNews

NIOSH and Workforce Tulsa Partner to Promote Workplace Safety and Health among Young, Temporary Workers
August 2017. Announcement of a partnership to create a new safety and health training for contingent workers.

NORA Services Council Holds Webinar
June 2017. Overview of a webinar on contingent worker safety and health.

From the Director’s Desk: The Changing Employment Relationship and its Impact on Worker Well-Being
April 2015. Essay on the changing nature of work and NIOSH’s response.

Press Releases

NIOSH and Workforce Tulsa Partner to Promote Workplace Safety and Health Among Young, Temporary Workers
July 25, 2017. Announcement of a partnership to create a new safety and health training for contingent workers.

NIOSH and OSHA Announce Best Practices to Protect Temporary Workers
August 25, 2014. Announcement of a joint guidance document outlining best practices for temporary workers.

Studies Suggest Higher Risk for Contingent Workers than in Traditional Employment, NIOSH Researchers Report
February 5, 2008. Overview of findings published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Other NIOSH Resources

Recommended Practices: Protecting Temporary WorkersCdc-pdfExternal
A joint OSHA-NIOSH document providing recommendations for temporary worker OSH.

External Resources

OSHA: Protecting Temporary WorkersExternal
Guidance related to the joint responsibility for OSH between employers and staffing companies.

Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation: Safety Videos: Safety Training for Temporary WorkersExternal
Training videos for temporary workers including a general module and industry-specific modules.

Other Vulnerable Groups

NIOSHTIC-2 is a database of occupational safety and health publications and products supported in whole or in part by NIOSH. You can find publications related to job safety and health for vulnerable workers by searching using keywords and search strings such as “vulnerabilities” OR “Latino” OR “immigrant” AND “intervention;” or “disparities” OR “Latino” OR “immigrant” AND “training.” If you would like to limit the search to journal articles add the search term “journal” to the document type field.

Selected Publications by NIOSH Researchers

Exploring workplace TB interventions with foreign-born Latino workers
Authors: Eggerth DE; Keller BM; Flynn MA
Source: Am J Ind Med 2018 Aug; 61(8):649-657

Tailoring computer-based training for Latino immigrant workers: pilot test of the NIOSH mouse tutorial
Authors: Flynn MA; DeLaney S; Willeford C
Source: New Solut 2018 May; 28(1):96-109

Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers: evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities
Authors: Cunningham TR; Guerin RJ; Keller BM; Flynn MA; Salgado C; Hudson D
Source: Saf Sci 2018 Mar; 103:62-69

Occupational health disparities: improving the well-being of ethnic and racial minority workers
Authors: Leong FTL; Eggerth DE; Chang C-H; Flynn MA; Ford JK; Martinez RO
Source: Washington, DC: American Psychological Association (APA), 2017 Feb; :1-239

Overlapping vulnerabilities: the occupational health and safety of young immigrant workers in small construction firms
Authors: Flynn MA; Cunningham TR; Guerin RJ; Keller B; Chapman LJ; Hudson D; Salgado C
Source: Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2015-178, 2015 May; :1-39

Introduction to a special issue: occupational health disparities
Authors: Baron-S; Cone-J; Markowitz-SB; Souza-K
Source: Am J Ind Med 2010 Feb; 53(2):82-83

Selected Publications by NIOSH-funded Extramural Researchers

Applying learning theory to safety and health training for Hispanic immigrant dairy workers
Authors: Juárez-Carrillo PM; Liebman AK; Reyes IAC; Ninco Sánchez YV; Keifer MC
Source: Health Promot Pract 2017 Jul; 18(4):505-515

A guide to the design of occupational safety and health training for immigrant, Latino/a dairy workers
Authors: Menger LM; Rosecrance J; Stallones L; Roman-Muniz IN
Source: Front Public Health 2016 Dec; 4:282

Latino immigrant day laborer perceptions of occupational safety and health information preferences
Authors: Diaz Fuentes CM; Martinez Pantoja L; Tarver M; Geschwind SA; Lara M
Source: Am J Ind Med 2016 Jun; 59(6):476-485

Perceptions of health and safety among immigrant Latino/a dairy workers in the U.S.
Authors: Menger LM; Pezzutti F; Tellechea T; Stallones L; Rosecrance J; Roman-Muniz IN
Source: Front Public Health 2016 May; 4:106

Immigrant dairy workers’ perceptions of health and safety on the farm in America’s Heartland
Authors: Liebman AK; Juarez-Carrillo PM; Reyes IAC; Keifer MC
Source: Am J Ind Med 2016 Mar; 59(3):227-235

Promoting adoption of fall prevention measures among Latino workers and residential contractors: formative research findings
Authors: Teran S; Blecker H; Scruggs K; García Hernández J; Rahke B
Source: Am J Ind Med 2015 Aug; 58(8):870-879

Health and safety challenges associated with immigrant dairy workers
Authors: Rosecrance J; Tellechea T; Menger L; Gilkey D; Roman Muniz N
Source: J Agric Eng 2013 Sep; 44(Suppl 2s):e129

Piloting a personal protection equipment distribution program among Chicago day laborers
Authors: Contreras E; Buchanan S
Source: Am J Ind Med 2012 Feb; 55(2):159-166

Fatal falls among Hispanic construction workers
Authors: Dong XS; Fujimoto A; Ringen K; Men Y
Source: Accid Anal Prev 2009 Sep; 41(5):1047-1052

The impact of a peer-led participatory health and safety training program for Latino day laborers in construction
Authors: Williams Q Jr.; Ochsner M; Marshall E; Kimmel L; Martino C
Source: J Saf Res 2010 Jun; 41(3):253-261

Pre-training to improve workshop performance in supervisor skills: an exploratory study of Latino agricultural workers
Authors: Austin J; Alvero AM; Fuchs MM; Patterson L; Anger WK
Source: J Agric Saf Health 2009 Jul; 15(3):273-281

Learning and recall of Worker Protection Standard (WPS) training in vineyard workers.
Authors: Anger WK; Patterson L; Fuchs M; Will LL; Rohlman DS
Source: J Agromed 2009 Jul; 14(3):336-344

Staying Safe at Work
Safety and health curriculum for workers with intellectual and development disabilities.

Research Rounds

Training Lags for Non-native Workers in Small Construction Companies
May 2018. Overview of findings published in Safety Science by NIOSH and ASSE.

Science Blogs

New Curriculum Helps Workers with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Learn How to Stay Safe on the Job
November 2, 2016. Announcement of the publication of Staying Safe at Work, a safety and health curriculum for workers with intellectual and development disabilities.

eNews

News From Our Partners: Exploring Markers of Occupational Health Disparities in North Carolina Using the American Community Survey
June 2017.Overview of research from the North Carolina Occupational Health Surveillance Program.

New Publication on Staying Safe at Work Available
October 2016. Announcement of the publication of Staying Safe at Work, a safety and health curriculum for workers with intellectual and development disabilities.

Press Releases

NIOSH Highlights National Disability Employment Awareness Month
October 6, 2009. Overview of NIOSH efforts improve the work-related safety and health outcomes of workers with intellectual and development disabilities.

External Resources

Labor Occupational Health Program (LOHP), University of California, BerkeleyExternal
Resources for workers with intellectual and development disabilities

Page last reviewed: November 13, 2018