Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content


figure showing skeleton and musculature

Inputs: Emerging Issues

New forms and objects of surveillance

A longstanding foundation of public health practice, surveillance activities identifies important impacts of health and injury status in the population. For MSDs the value of information already collected for other purposes at the level of State government and the insurance industry may provide important new insights and more accurate data regarding increasing or decreasing trends associated with MSDs. Continued developments in surveillance methods will be increasingly important as worker demographics and workplace practices evolve and change.

Objective measurements of exposure and outcomes

This idea focuses on the need to move from subjective evaluations of exposure and injury to more objective measures of exposure and outcomes for a better understanding of causality. Such measurement systems would have far reaching objectives not only in establishing causality but also better measurements of exposure and injury to be used in practical evaluations of workplace hazards and clinical outcomes.

Intervention effectiveness at the enterprise level

The final step in the application of the scientific method to understand and intervene for the benefit of individuals and their communities, the effectiveness of intervention strategies—be they clinical or public health—has long been a major challenge of public health sciences. Compounding this challenge is the joint relation between metrics that describe impact on people and metrics that measure financial or economic impacts. A significant opportunity exists to develop research activities that effectively combine both metrics to measure the impact of intervention strategies to reduce MSDs, and to do so at a level whereby workers and employers are most likely to effectively interact to produce change—the company or enterprise level.