Mining Program: Publications

miner and tunnel entrance

Outputs: Publications

Selected Publications

The following is just a sampling of various publications produced from NIOSH research. These publications are sorted by Strategic Goal:

Strategic Goal 1 – Reduce Respiratory Diseases

A Revised Conversion Factor Relating Respirable Dust Concentrations Measured by 10-mm Dorr-Oliver Nylon Cyclones Operated at 1.7 And 2.0 L Min-1
J Environ Monit 2009 Mar; 11(3):684-689 2009.

Airborne Dust Capture and Induced Airflow of Various Spray Nozzle Designs
Aerosol Sci Tech 2007 Jul; 41(7):711.

A New Concept for Leak Testing Environmental Enclosure Filtration Systems
J ASTM Int 2006 Nov-Dec; 3(10):1-1111.

Effects of Alternative Fuels on Concentrations of Nanometer and Ultrafine Particles in Underground Mine
Proceedings of the Ninth ETH Conference on Combustion-Generated Nanoparticles ( Aug. 15-17, 2005 ; Zurich, Switzerland )
Summarizes the results of the isolated zone tests and reports the effects of several selected reformulated fuels on the concentrations of nanometer and ultrafine particles, elemental carbon, and total particulate matter in mine air.

Reducing Enclosed Cab Drill Operator’s Respirable Dust Exposure with Effective Filtration and Pressurization Techniques
J Occup Environ Hyg 2005 Jan; 2(1):54-63
Discusses a cooperative research effort to lower respirable dust levels in an enclosed cab on an older surface drill at a silica sand operation.

Development and Evaluation of a New Personal Dust Monitor for Underground Mining Applications
Proceedings of the 29th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuel Systems ( Clearwater, FL , April 18-22, 2004 ). Gaithersburg, MD : Coal Technology Association, 2004; :1-22.
An inertial mass measurement technology called the tapered-element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) has been adapted for the measurement of respirable coal dust concentrations in underground mines. The new instrumentation, called the personal dust monitor (PDM), holds the promise to provide miners and mine operators with continuous personal exposure information during a shift.

Strategic Goal 2 – Reduce Noise-induced Hearing Loss

Assessment of Engineering Noise Controls at a Talc Processing Plant
Min Eng 2009 Apr; 61(4):70-76 2009.

A Noise Control for A Roof Bolting Machine: Collapsible Drill Steel Enclosure
Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, 2008; :1-7.
NOISE-CON 2008: Proceedings of the 2008 National Conference on Noise Control Engineering, Dearborn, Michigan, July 28-31, 2008.

A Dual Sprocket Chain as a Noise Control for a Continuous Mining Machine
Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, 2007; :1-9.
NOISE-CON 2007, Reno, Nevada, October 22-24, 2007.

A Measurement Method for Determining Absorption Coefficients for Underground Mines
International Institute of Noise Control Engineering, 2006 Dec; :1-9.
Inter-Noise 2006. The 35th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, 3-6 December 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii. West Lafayette

Noise and Vibration Reduction of a Vibrating Screen
2005 SME Annual Meeting, February 28 – March 2, Salt Lake City, Utah, preprint 05-71. Littleton , CO , Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2005 Feb; 1-13
Presents detailed results of a cooperative study of vibrating screen noise conducted at a coal preparation plant. Rubber isolators reduced sound levels by 1 dB.

Assessment of Noise Controls Commonly Used on Jumbo Drills and Bolters in Western United States Underground Metal Mines
Min Eng 57(1), 2005; :41-47
Controls were evaluated on machines at underground metal mines to determine the amount of noise reduction achieved by each control. The results indicate that absorbing material has very little effect on the noise level.

Strategic Goal 3 – Reduce Cumulative Injuries

An Analysis of Injury Claims From Low-Seam Coal Mines
J Saf Res 2009 Mar; 40(3):233-237.

Age Awareness Training for Miners
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 2008-133, Information Circular 9505.

A Comparison of Fatigue Failure Responses of Old Versus Middle-Aged Lumbar Motion Segments in Simulated Flexed Lifting
Spine 2007 Aug; 32(17):1832-1839.

Age Awareness Training
U.S. Silica and Unimin, 2006, 2006 MIPB Ergo Workshop, Seminar, or OIB Cumulative injuries

Using Ergonomics to Enhance Safety and Health in the U.S. Mining Industry
31st International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes, 2-5 October 2005, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Redbank, Queensland, Australia : Safety in Mines Testing and Research Station (Simtars), 2005 Oct; :106-111
NIOSH researchers initiated a project with a surface coal mining company to implement a proactive ergonomics process aimed at reducing worker exposure to risk factors associated with WMSDs.

Developing Random Virtual Human Motions and Risky Work Behaviors for Studying Anthropotechnical Systems
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 2004-130, Information Circular 9468.
This report documents the code development of special features for a computer model, random virtual human motions and behaviors, which made it possible for researchers to study hazardous interactions, such as contacts between the operator and machine.

Partnering for Successful Ergonomics: A Study of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Mining
SME Annual Meeting ( Feb 24-26, 2003 ; Cincinnati OH ), SME preprint 03-118. Littleton , CO : Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.; :1-5
NIOSH researchers and an industry partner conducted an investigation to study the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions in mining.

Strategic Goal 4 – Reduce Traumatic Injuries

A Performance Evaluation of Two Overhead Power Line Proximity Warning Devices
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2009-110, Information Circular 9510.

A Review of Recent Accidents Involving Explosives Transport
Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference on Explosives and Blasting Technique, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 27-30, 2008. Cleveland, OH: International Society of Explosives Engineers, 2008 Jan; 2:1-12

A Technology Review of Smart Sensors with Wireless Networks for Applications in Hazardous Work Environments
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2007-114, Information Circular 9496.

Arc Burn Safety Training for MSHA inspectors
MSHA Academy, Beckley, WV, May 2, 2006, 2006 MIPB Elec Workshop, Seminar, or OIB.

Field Studies of Carbon Monoxide Migration from Blasting
Proc 31st Ann Conf Explos Blasting Tech, Orlando, FL, February 6-9, 2005, 2005 Feb; :21 pp
Describes a small-scale field study to identify key factors that may contribute to the migration of CO through the ground.

Ventilation Planning Layouts for Large Opening Mines
2004 SME Annual Meeting, Feb 23-25, Denver, Colorado, preprint 04-187. Littleton, CO : Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
Describes three alternative ventilation models for use in large opening underground mines with respect to their use in mines of various levels of development.

A Study of Heat Stress Exposures and Interventions for Mine Rescue Workers
2004 SME Annual Meeting (Feb 23-25, 2004 ; Denver, CO), Preprint No. 04-107. Littleton , CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2004 Feb; :1-11.
This paper discusses a study of heat stress exposures among mine rescue workers in underground mines. The effectiveness of several engineering controls, such as cooling the air inhaled by rescuers through an apparatus, wearing cooling vests, and supplying water through the CCBA masks, were investigated.

Strategic Goal 5 – Reduce the Risk of Mine Disasters

A Global Inventory of Mine Rescue Training Facilities: Compendium of Ideas to Improve U.S. Coal Mine Rescue Training
2009 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 22-25, Denver, Colorado, preprint 09-101. Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2009; :1-7

A Comparison of Methods: Dynamic Versus Hydrostatic Testing of Mine Ventilation Seals
Min Eng 2008 Sep; 60(9):147-153 2008

A Methodology for Determining Gob Permeability Distributions and its Application to Reservoir Modeling of Coal Mine Longwalls
2007 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 25-28, Denver, Colorado, preprint 07-78. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2007 Feb; :1-6, 2007

An Inexpensive Dual-Chamber Particle Monitor: Laboratory Characterization
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 2006 Jun 56(6):789-799

Securing the Blast Site to Prevent Blasting Related Injuries: Blasting Safety – Revisiting Site Security
Journal of Explosives Engineering, July/August 2005; 6-14
This article examines the factors related to injuries due to inadequate blasting shelters and blast area security, and identifies mitigation techniques.

Fire Response Preparedness for Underground Mines
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2006-105, NIOSH IC 948.
This report deals with the preparedness of miners to respond to underground fires. It is intended to aid the mining industry in understanding the various roles of emergency responders and the training techniques used to increase their skill levels. The report also presents a technology overview to assist in effective response to mine fires.

Strategic Goal 6 – Reduce Ground Failure Injuries

Comparative Analysis of Moisture Sensitivity Index Tests for Coal Mine Roof
2009 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 22-25, Denver, Colorado, preprint 09-068. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2009; :1-5

A First Step in Developing Roof Support Design Criteria Based on Ground Reaction Data for Pittsburgh Seam Longwall Tailgate Support
Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, July 29 – July 31, 2008, Morgantown, West Virginia. West Virginia University, 2008; :349-359

A Methodology for Determining Gob Permeability Distributions and its Application to Reservoir Modeling of Coal Mine Longwalls
2007 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 25-28, Denver, Colorado, preprint 07-78. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2007 Feb; :1-6

A Retrospective Assessment of Longwall Roof Support with a Focus on Challenging Accepted Roof Support Concepts and Design Premises
Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, August 1-3, 2006, Morgantown, West Virginia. West Virginia University, 2006 Aug; :232-244, 2006 RSEB

Ground Control Design for Highwall Mining
2005 SME Annual Meeting, February 28 – March 2, Salt Lake City, Utah, SME preprint 05-82. Littleton, CO, Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2005 Feb; :1-7
Highwall stability remains a major concern during highwall mining. Geologic structure (hillseams) and pillar stability are the two major factors affecting highwall stability.

Geophysical Methods to Detect Stress in Underground Mines
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-133, Report of Investigations 9661, 2004 Mar :1-18.
Highly stressed rock in stopes continues to be a primary safety risk for miners in underground mines because this condition can result in failures of ground that lead to both injuries and death. Personnel from the Spokane Research Laboratory of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health studied two methods for identifying stress in rock.

Preventing Falls of Ground in Coal Mines With Exceptionally Low-Strength Roof: Two Case Studies
Proc 23rd Intl Conf on Ground Control in Mining, Morgantown, West Virginia, August 3-5, 2004. West Virginia University, 2004 Aug; :220-227.
Mines with exceptionally low-strength roof are much more likely to struggle with roof falls that other mines. This paper focuses on two mines, one operating in the Upper Freeport seam and the other in the Herrin No. 6 seam. Detailed statistical analysis was conducted to determine which support combinations have proven to be most effective.

Strategic Goal 7 – Surveillance and Emerging Issues

Harry’s Hard Choices: Using a Refuge Alternative
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2009-122, Information Circular 9511.

Age Awareness Training for Miners
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2008-133, Information Circular 9505.

Coal Contractor Mining Facts – 2004
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2007-172, 2007 SRSB Surv Publication Brochure/flyer Surveillance and training

Getting to Zero … The Human Side of Mining
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2006-112, Information Circular 9484.

Tell Me a Story: Why Stories are Essential to Effective Safety Training
DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2005-152, Report of Investigations 9664
Adult learning theories, social learning theories, mentoring, and storytelling were all employed in the development of a series of safety training videos that have become very popular in the mining industry. This Report of Investigations describes the theoretical frameworks that were used, the process that was developed to produce the videos, and the results of the evaluations as to whether or not they were effective in training new and experienced miners.

Safety and Health Training for an Evolving Workforce: An Overview From the Mining Industry
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-155, Information Circular 9474.
Safety and health professionals recognize that training is a critical element of any effective safety and health program. Of present major concern in the mining industry is how to provide appropriate training for an aging workforce and concurrently develop training for the expected influx of new and less experienced miners as older workers retire.

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Page last reviewed: November 8, 2013