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workers, building, architect

NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals

927Z4PU - Chemical Risk Assessment & Control in Small Business

Start Date: 11/9/2005
End Date: 9/30/2012

Principal Investigator (PI)
Name: Thomas Lentz
Phone: 513-533-8260
Organization: NIOSH
Sub-Unit: EID
Funded By: NIOSH

Primary Goal Addressed

Secondary Goal Addressed


Attributed to Manufacturing


Project Description

Short Summary

This project seeks to evaluate control banding as a semi-quantitative risk assessment and management strategy to address occupational hazards, particularly for U.S. small businesses. A series of workshops will introduce the concept of control banding to twenty joint labor/management health and safety committees from Connecticut's small and medium sized enterprises. In total, up to fifty participants (committee representatives and workshop planning task force) will attend the workshop series.


A series of workshops will introduce the concept of control banding to twenty joint labor/management health and safety committees from Connecticut's small and medium sized enterprises. Control banding, an innovative risk assessment and risk management model, is attractive because it offers employers and workers simple, accessible, risk assessment strategies that can be used to target the tasks that require chemical exposure controls or professional risk assessment advice. In total, up to fifty participants (committee representatives and workshop planning task force) will attend the workshop series. This project will build upon NIOSH efforts to identify and address barriers to implementing occupational safety and health safeguards in small businesses. Utilizing a semi-quantitative risk assessment and management approach to chemical hazards in the workplace (control banding), this project will focus on the utility of guidance designed to facilitate effective use of chemical control solutions for small businesses. NIOSH control banding initiatives have identified validation concerns as the major challenge to its acceptance and promotion: i.e., how do we know it works and will small businesses be able to apply and use the guidance to implement effective controls?


After completion of the workshop series participants will be able to:

• identify several factors that contribute to occupational chemical exposure risk

• identify the hazardous properites of a chemical by using "R-phrases" and the globally harmonized system (GHS) for the classification and labeling of chemicals

• recognize several control approaches that can be used to reduce chemical exposure

• complete a workplace risk assessment using COSHH Essentials, a control banding model

• list ways in which the control banding model can be enhanced.

Mission Relevance

Within NIOSH there is broad, cross-divisional interest in occupational safety and health issues for small businesses. Statistics recognizing the injury and illness consequences of hazards, as well as resource limitations, for small business industries have been characterized in previous NIOSH research. Many NIOSH researchers have also been introduced to the concept of control banding and its possibilities for addressing the risk assessment/management needs of the U.S. small business community. On a global level, key NIOSH personnel associated with this project have been involved in examining and assessing control banding models. Despite the growing recognition internationally that control banding models can provide useful workplace occupational safety and health guidance, questions remain as to how readily this strategy can be adapted and utilized by the small business audience in the United States. This project will utilize engineering control solutions to provide hazard guidance in a form that is easily accessible and understandable by the small business audience, and is consistent with the goals of global harmonization for increased utility in developing countries and worldwide. Following research to practice (r2p) guidelines, a control banding model will be adopted and tested for its utility and effectiveness in U.S. small businesses.

Sector Programs



Strategic Goal 8: Reduce the incidence of injuries, illnesses, and fatalities within specific sub-sectors and small businesses within the manufacturing sector.

Cross Sector Health Outcome Programs

Cancer, Reproductive, and Cardiovascular Diseases Strategic Goal 1 (09PPCRCSG1): Reduce the incidence of work-related cancer.

Intermediate Goal 1.3 (09PPCRCIG1.3): Enhance global workplace safety and health through international collaborations.

Respiratory Diseases Strategic Goal 2 (09PPRDRSG2): Prevent and reduce work-related interstitial lung diseases.

Activity/Output Goal (09PPRDRAOG2.2.5): develop and improve control technologies to reduce or eliminate silica exposures across a range of occupational settings where silica is a known problem (mining, construction, abrasive blasting, foundries, dental laboratories, etc.) and in new occupational settings where silica exposure may appear as an emerging problem.


Strategic Goal 4: Prevent and reduce work-related respiratory malignancies.

Other Cross Sector Programs

Communications and Information Dissemination Strategic Goal 1 (09PPCIDSG1): Increase by 30%, the translation of evidence-based research and promote the use of advanced dissemination systems to increase awareness of NIOSH scientific information products.

Activity/Output Goal 1.0.2 (09PPCIDAOG1.0.2): Assist in the development and testing of scientific information products for small businesses.

Global Collaborations Strategic Goal 2: Reduce silicosis among miners, construction workers, and other workers globally by providing technical assistance to control exposures, by assisting with capacity building to develop occupational health professionals, laboratories and personal protective equipment programs, and by training to diagnose existing cases.

Activity/Output Goal 2.1.1 (09PPGlCAOG2.1.1): Provide technical assistance requested in the 2004 Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Health, Chile, and NIOSH.

Activity/Output Goal 2.2.1 (09PPGlCAOG2.2.1): Provide guidance on purchase of analytic equipment and training for laboratory staff of the Institute of Public Health in Chile and for Censopas in Peru.

Small Business Assistance and Outreach Strategic Goal 1: Over the next 10 years, reduce fatalities and injuries in one or more targeted sectors within which a significant portion of firms engaged in that sector are small businesses.

Activity/Output Goal 1.1.2 (09PPSBAAOG1.1.2): NIOSH will engage in partnership with at least 3 entities to develop, implement, and evaluate model programs that lead to improvements in small business establishments' ability to abate OSH hazards.

Engineering Controls Strategic Goal 2 (09PPENGSG2): Reducing worker health and safety hazards by developing or evaluating new or modified engineering controls and promote the transfer of effective engineering control measures.

Activity/Output Goal 2.3.1 (09PPENGAOG2.3.1): Improve adoption of evidence-based interventions, practices, policies, programs, and behaviors that reduce or prevent occupational injuries and illnesses, including business case models. (SG 4.0)