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NORA Economics Sector Strategic Goals

921ZKZM - Sector-Based Case Studies on Cost-Effective Interventions (PHP)

Start Date: 2/1/2010
End Date: 9/30/2012

Principal Investigator (PI)
Phone: (202) 245-0635
Organization: NIOSH
Division: OD

Primary Goal Addressed

Secondary Goal Addressed

Attributed to Economics


Project Description


Employers seek guidance on assessing the cost-effectiveness of investments in occupational safety and health or making the "business case" for these investments. Workers, practitioners, government, and other stakeholders also are interested in these assessments that would improve the prioritization of resources and the welfare of all parties involved. Several NORA Sectors have sub-goals calling for development of business case studies on a variety of topics. Many National Academies reviews of NIOSH programs also call attention to the need for more such studies.


To respond to the need for complete and high quality cost-effectiveness studies and continuing to work with a standardized draft template, we will develop four new case studies, two in Oil and Gas and two in Public Safety. We will partner with Sectors to obtain input and finalize the draft template and to gain access to interested employer stakeholders to identify implemented or ongoing interventions. We will collaborate with these stakeholders in order to obtain needed information and expert opinion. Stakeholder concurrence will also be important for including default published values for missing information. In addition to the employer's perspective, a short discussion of the societal perspective, that includes all costs and all benefits regardless of who incurs them, will be included in each case study in order to articulate who would bear which costs and who would enjoy which benefits. Prevention through Design (PtD) elements will be highlighted if appropriate and considered in a broad manner as including the design of work premises, structures, tools, plants, equipment, machinery, substances, work methods, and systems of work.


Expected outputs from this project include guidance materials for NIOSH and external researchers, case studies, peer-reviewed manuscripts, trade and other lay audience publications, and resource lists that will be made available through the World Wide Web.