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NIOSH Program Portfolio



NORA Construction Sector Strategic Goals

Goal 9.0: Improve the effectiveness of safety and health management programs in construction and increase their use in the industry.

Intermediate Goal 9.2: Improve understanding of the effectiveness of best practice construction safety and health management programs and program elements

Research Goals
Research Goal Number Goal Description Status
9.2.1 Evaluate best practice programs and their effectiveness as used by small and large construction firms in targeted construction sub-sectors such as small and large industrial, commercial, highway, and single family residential projects. “Effectiveness” in this context can be measured quantitatively by lagging indicators of reduced total recordable cases, reduced days away or restricted work, or reduced experience modification ratings. Performance audits can provide another level of assessment. Qualitatively, effectiveness can be assessed via worker perception surveys, or culture gap analysis methods.
9.2.2 Evaluate the current use of key performance indicators and/or leading indicators by small, medium, and large construction safety and health management programs and how well these indicators predict future injury and illness rates.
Performance Metrics for Safety and Health in Construction
9.2.3 Evaluate the extent to which safety and health management program requirements are effectively passed down multiple tiers of sub-contractors via mechanisms such as contractor bid qualification requirements, what information is collected to track effective conformance, and whether there are aspects of employer-initiated systems that can function in the absence of site-wide safety management systems.
9.2.4 Determine how contractors, clients and equipment manufacturers incorporate non-regulatory consensus standards (i.e., ANSI or ACGIH-TLVs) and best practices into programs.
9.2.5 Develop business case estimates of OSH management costs and benefits in construction for small, medium, and large firms. Where relevant, include consideration of common forms of cost shifting and define who pays the costs and who receives the benefits. Do existing state and federal regulations provide a market structure that rewards injury prevention expenditures?
Page last updated:April 24, 2013
Page last reviewed:May 23, 2011
Content Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Office of the Director


NIOSH Program:


construction worker, crane, architect