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NORA Symposium 2006 Sector Workshops

NOTE: This page is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

  Workshop Index  

Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities

The Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities Sector Workshop took place on April 20 at NORA Symposium 2006. Eighteen people participated. Following opening remarks that included a presentation of the top issues that had been submitted to the NORA Docket, participants suggested important topics for future work in the sector. Fourteen participated in the voting; each received 10 votes to distribute among the topics.

The Table presents a summary of all topics recommended as a high priority prior to the workshop as well as new topics recommended at the workshop. The votes cast by workshop participants for each topic are listed in the last column.

Table. Summary of priorities recommended by one or more stakeholders and votes received from workshop participants (N denotes new input received at the workshop).

New InputTopicVotes at Workshop

Across the sector

 Stretching and flexibility exercises to prevent sprains and strains3
 Identify successful interventions, identify barriers to implementation8
 Exposure to chemicals/exhaust/diesel0
 Stress at work1
NLinkages between psychosocial stress and chemical exposures1
 Back injury studies/surveillance3
 Essential function screening prior to start of job - study injury rates in those who did/ did not pass0
 Adapt hearing loss prevention programs from construction0
  Improved training and studies of training effectiveness2

All modes of transportation

NHuman vibration studies, including hand-transmitted vibrations and whole-body vibration in truckers4
 Surveillance of PPE use and relationship of injuries to use0
NIntraorganizational communication of health and safety information3
 Health effects of asbestos0
 Inhalation exposure to particulate1
 Exposure to EMFs1
 CO as contributor to hearing loss0
 Health effects of nanoparticles0
 ID hazards of occupational and take-home exposures related to nanotechnology0
 ID effective controls/interventions to prevent nanoparticulate exposure0
 Use worker-based participatory research2

Air transportation

 Exposure of flight attendants to partly-combusted and aerosolized engine oil0
NMSDs of back and shoulders among baggage handlers, flight attendants3
NExposure to ground current1
NExposure to solar radiation0

Roadway transportation

 Occupational driving – general 
 Driver training: Effectiveness, and methods to ensure driver compliance with company policy6
 Driver distraction studies5
NTransfer best practices from larger to smaller firms5
NEvaluate different techniques for reducing crashes4
NTransportation: Involvement in global road safety initiative (occupational perspective)3
NCreating comprehensive knowledge base and arrange working networks (perhaps include mentoring)3
NEffects of prescription, non-prescription drugs2
NDriver Safety:
  • Minimizing vs. eliminating fatalities and injuries Use of technology
NBehavioral psychology/risk awareness related to crashes2
NCross-sector slant to occupational driving2
NContractor/subcontractor relationships: relationship to safety/safety programs2
NSurvey effort of businesses: (esp. transportation)
  • Driving Safety Programs
  • Robust Safety Training
 Truck transportation 
 Rollover prevention1
 Increase belt use and develop more comfortable restraint systems2
 Anthropometric studies of truck drivers2
 Evaluate self-management interventions and technological monitoring systems3
 Data from CDL medical exams for surveillance2
 Evaluate DOT hours-of-service regulations5
 Epi assessments of sleep apnea and sleep disorders in truck and school bus drivers2
 Data on characteristics of individual drivers4
 Occupational disease and chronic conditions: CVD, hypertension, diabetes, MSDs, obesity, smoking, cancer3
 Poor dietary choices on the road (study truck stops, rest areas), sedentary work, rotating shift work1
 Recruiting and retaining drivers in health promotion programs3
 Determine if a healthy driver = a safe driver1
NDevelop risk profile for owner operators1
 Job-related stress: Lack of autonomy, electronic monitoring, waiting time, etc.5
 Psychosocial stress: Social isolation, threats to personal safety, time away from family4
NCustomer Interaction: (freight, passenger environments)
  • Verbal abuse, stress, etc.
NViolence against truckers1
 Noise exposure: Truck and dock workers1
 Diesel exhaust / chemicals0
NUse BLS data to identify health and safety problems among truckers & conduct interventions0
 Transit systems 
NUrban transit workers (subway, local transit workers, et al.)
  • Explore risk
  • Complex social environments
  • Work settings of operators
NCardiovascular disease: increased risk among transit operators2

Rail transportation

 Occupational exposures to hazardous materials0
 Occupational illnesses, e.g., asthma, dermatitis, liver disease, cancer3
 Hazardous substances that leak or drip onto tracks0

Water transportation

 Develop better estimates of workers at risk, non-fatal injuries1
 Stress/ injuries/ health problems related to 24/7 operations, moving work environment, heat, diet/exercise, etc.2
 Traumatic vs. repetitive injuries related to strenuous work0
 Impact of multinational crews: safety training, exposure to infectious disease0
 Exposure of dock workers to chemicals, diesel exhaust, noise0


 Lack of federal oversight of forklift training and use programs0
NWarehouse safety audit programs
  • Chemical safety, falls, material handling equipment
 Injury of forklift drivers and pedestrians in the warehouse4
 CO exposure0
NWarehousing: Loading dock operators1
NNoise from conveyor systems0
NWorkplace violence0


 EMFs: Guidelines, operational definitions, dosimetry models/ assumptions, safety factors1
 Update meta-analyses of adult leukemia and brain tumor studies, and of cohorts of exposed workers1
 ALS and electric shock and magnetic fields1
 Studies of workers exposed to RF, esp. neurodegenative disease1
NInjuries associated with trenching, lifting devices, and aerial lifts3
NAsthma and diabetes associated with exposures to high frequencies1
NExposure to current in ground1